Steps to Becoming a Pediatric Surgeon
Pediatric surgeons specialize in performing surgeries on children and young adults. Their education and training is highly specialized and prepares them to diagnose and treat a range of diseases, injuries, and deformities through surgery. Individuals interested in how to become a pediatric surgeon generally need to complete the following:
- Undergraduate school
- Medical school
- Surgery residency
- Pediatric surgery residency
We'll explore pediatric surgeon education requirements and licensure in more detail below.
Step 1: Undergraduate Education
All surgeons begin their education path by earning a bachelor's degree. Although there is no specific major requirement for becoming a surgeon, it is helpful for students to pursue a pre-med program or to choose other programs that meet medical school entrance requirements.
Pre-med programs are commonly paired with majors in areas like chemistry, biology, biomedical science, or another science-related field. These programs help students prepare for medical school by completing prerequisites in subjects like:
- Organic chemistry
Step 2: Medical School
After earning their bachelor's degree, aspiring surgeons need to take the MCAT exam and apply to medical school. At this point students may begin searching for schools that align with the kind of doctor they wish to be and find programs that offer coursework and training for prospective pediatric surgeons.
Medical schools typically award either a MD (Doctor of Medicine) or a DO (Doctor of Osteopathic Medicine) degree. Students in these programs spend time completing coursework, laboratories, and clinical rotations to begin exploring various areas of medicine. Coursework generally includes the study of different systems and areas of the body, such as the nervous system and respiratory, and may include other topics in areas like:
- Evidence-based medicine
- Patient safety
Step 3: General Surgery Schooling
After medical school all aspiring physicians and surgeons must complete a residency program in their area of specializations. For pediatric surgeons, this means first completing a residency program in general surgery. These residency programs usually include a wide range of clinical rotations to expose students to various types of surgery and equip them with the necessary surgical skills to perform the surgeries. These programs may also include research opportunities in the field.
Step 4: Pediatric Surgeon Schooling
Once they have completed their general surgery residency, then students can complete a pediatric surgery residency or fellowship. These programs are typically shorter in length than general surgery residencies and help train students in pre- and post-operative care of children. Students in these programs have the opportunity to work in inpatient and outpatient settings and participate in research. During the fellowship program students are exposed to all major topics in pediatric surgery, such as:
- Pediatric oncology
- Pediatric urology
- Pediatric radiology
- Pediatric surgical pathology
Step 5: Licensure/Board Certification
All physicians and surgeons must obtain national licensure through the US Medical Licensing Examination (USMLE) for MDs or the Comprehensive Osteopathic Medical Licensing Examination (COMLEX-USA) for DOs. Although certification is not required, the American Board of Surgery offers board certification for pediatric surgeons through Pediatric Surgery Qualifying and Certifying Exams. Board certification may increase employment opportunities.
How Long Does it Take to Become a Pediatric Surgeon?
The time it takes to become a pediatric surgeon depends on the specific degree programs, schools, and program formats chosen by the student. In general, if a student completes a traditional 4-year bachelor's degree program, 4-year medical school program, 2 to 5 year general surgery residency, and a 1 to 2 year pediatric surgery residency, it may take 11 to 15 years to become a pediatric surgeon.