How to Become a Professional Writer: Step-by-Step Career Guide

Aug 23, 2018

Learn how to become a professional writer. Research the job duties and the education and training requirements to find out how to start a writing career.

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  • 0:02 Should I Be A…
  • 0:52 Career Requirements
  • 1:31 Steps To Be A…

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Should I Be a Professional Writer?

Writers convey information to an audience through the written word. Types of writers include biographers, novelists, copywriters, screenwriters and journalists. According to the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS), the majority of writers working in the U.S. in 2014 were self-employed.

Those who choose to work in the media industry may need to live close to a metropolitan area, while those who choose to work in the film industry may need to live close to Los Angeles or New York. Other writers need only to have access to a computer. There is often strong competition for writing jobs, but those who can adapt to new mediums in writing may have an advantage over the competition, according to the BLS.

Career Requirements

Degree Level Bachelor's degree
Degree Field English, journalism, communications or relevant field
Experience Little experience for entry-level positions; 1-5 years of experience for technical writers
Key Skills Strong verbal and written communication and persuasive skills; creativity; web programming and blogging software knowledge
Salary $69,130 (2015 average annual wage for writers and authors)

Source: U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics

Most employers prefer to hire writers with a bachelor's degree. Relevant majors include English, journalism or communications. Little experience is needed for entry-level positions. Technical writing jobs though, typically need 1-5 years of experience. Besides strong verbal and written communication skills, writers should be persuasive and creative, and possess web programming and blogging software knowledge.

According to 2015 earnings data gathered by the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics, writers and authors earned an average annual salary of $69,130.

Steps to be a Professional Writer

Step 1: Earn a Bachelor's Degree

Bachelor's degree programs in English, journalism or communications offer preparation for this career. Programs that focus on specific areas of writing, such as screenwriting or playwriting, are also available. Individuals with writing ability and an undergraduate degree in a specific field may consider technical writing training.

Aspiring professional writers should:

  • Create a portfolio. Even entry-level writers will need to be able to show examples of the work they have done. This can include writing for an internship, local paper or play. School projects can also be used as work samples to build a portfolio.

It is also important for writers to:

  • Learn to write for electronic publications. According to the BLS, there is a higher demand for writers for online publications as print media is declining. Learning to produce online content can make writers more marketable.


  • Take business courses. Since most writers are typically self-employed, courses in business help writers understand how to manage a small business or sole proprietorship.

Step 2: Gain Work Experience

Many writers start at smaller publications and work their way up to larger and more prestigious organizations as they gain experience. Journalists start at small newspapers and move to larger papers or magazines. Some newspaper and magazine writers move forward to write books. Copywriters start on local ads and move to national accounts with experience. Employers may prefer that technical writers gain experience in the technical field before entering into technical writing for that field.

Writers can:

  • Build a following. Writers can also advance by building a reputation and a following through such arenas as a blog or social media. Screenwriters or playwrights may produce video for online users.

Additionally, it is important that writers:

  • Learn to cope with rejection. Editors, producers, publishers, critics and audiences often critique a writer's work. Freelance writers regularly have story ideas rejected and/or story ideas revised, so constructively handling rejection and criticism is necessary for this career path.

Step 3: Pursue Graduate Studies

Professional writers don't need a graduate degree. However, in some instances, a master's degree can improve a candidate's marketability. Technical writers with an undergraduate degree in computer science may find a graduate degree in journalism or communications helpful. An individual with an English degree may find a graduate degree in communications will give them a competitive edge as a copywriter. Additionally, a master's degree program often requires a thesis or project that can be used as a work sample.

Professional writers need a portfolio of work samples and typically, have a bachelor's degree in a related field such as English, communications or journalism.

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