Jailer: How to Become a Jailer or Correctional Officer

Learn how to become a jailer or correctional officer. Research the job duties and education requirements, and find out how to start a career in a correctional institution. View article »

View 10 Popular Schools »

An error occurred trying to load this video.

Try refreshing the page, or contact customer support.

94% college-bound high school students
…said it was important to communicate with colleges during the search process. (Source: Noel-Levitz 2012 trend study)

Select a school or program

View More Schools
Show Me Schools
  • 0:00 Jailers And…
  • 1:39 Step 1: Get An Education
  • 2:22 Step 2: Complete Training
  • 3:28 Step 3: Find A Job
  • 4:07 Step 4: Obtain Certification

Find the perfect school

Video Transcript

Jailers and Correctional Officers

Education Required High School diploma or equivalent; some agencies require a college degree; training academy
Education Field Criminal justice, criminology, psychology, or a related discipline
Licensure and Certification Licensure requirement varies by state; voluntary professional certification available
Experience 3 years of experience for federal prisons
Key Skills Self discipline, critical thinking, and interpersonal skills; basic computer and word possessing competence; stress management and physical strength
Salary $40,530 (2015 median for correctional officers and jailers)

Sources: U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics, Federal Bureau of Prisons (FBP), Monster.com (August 2015), Multiple school websites (August 2012)

Correctional officers or jailers enforce rules and monitor the behavior of prisoners, including those awaiting trial. These officers generally need an eye for detail and the ability to calmly react with authority in a crisis. Strong written and oral communication skills are also needed in this occupation that holds the potential for violence.

Correctional officers need the minimum of a high school diploma. However, some agencies require a college degree before potential officers attend a training academy. People who want to become correctional officers typically pursue postsecondary education in a related field, such as criminal justice, criminology, psychology or a similar discipline. Licensure requirement varies by state. Voluntary professional certification is available. For those wanting to work in a federal prison, up to three years of experience may be required. Correctional officers need self discipline, critical thinking skills, interpersonal skills, basic computer and word processing competence, stress management skills and physical strength in order to be successful. The median salary for correctional officers and jailers as of May 2015 was $40,530, as reported by the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics.

Step 1: Get an Education

Obtaining a high school diploma is the first step in becoming a correctional officer. A postsecondary degree isn't always required, but certain positions may require some college education, according to the Federal Bureau of Prisons, and will allow for quicker advancement within the field. Relevant associate's programs in criminal justice, corrections or corrections administration generally involve two years of study. At some schools, these programs can be taken in conjunction with a training academy program. Common courses include parole, correctional law, prisoner supervision and psychology.

Find schools that offer these popular programs

  • Corrections Admin
  • Corrections, Probation, and Parole
  • Criminal Justice and Safety Studies
  • Criminal Science
  • Forensic Science
  • Juvenile Corrections
  • Law Enforcement Administration
  • Police Science and Law Enforcement
  • Securities Services Mgmt
  • Security and Theft Prevention Services

Step 2: Complete Training

Next, jailers and correctional officers participate in training academies administered by government agencies or take jailer courses at community colleges. These short-term jailer or correctional officer training programs don't lead to a degree but can prepare students for entry-level positions in the field. Applicants must complete physical assessments, a background check and an interview.

In training academy programs, students learn how to supervise inmates, prepare reports, secure jails, release inmates and apply correctional law. Aspiring correctional officers also learn self-defense tactics and the safe use of firearms. In some cases, these programs prepare trainees for state certification or licensure exams.

Prospective correctional officers should stay in shape. Correctional officers have the potential to be injured in confrontations with prisoners. Individuals in this field should stay in shape and learn how to be aware of their surroundings at all times.

Step 3: Find a Job

After training is complete, prospective correction officers are ready to enter the job field. Utilizing the human resources department of correctional officers academy, canvassing online job markets, and checking the websites of prisons are the best means to find prospective openings. Potential jailers or correctional officers should look into the educational requirements set forth by government agencies and private companies, then apply to the appropriate openings. While some agencies hire applicants with a high school diploma and train them on the job, others prefer some additional courses or a college degree.

Step 4: Obtain Certification

While certification isn't always required, it can help jailers stand out and may lead to career advancement. A few organizations offer professional credentials, including the American Correctional Association (ACA). In order to earn the ACA's Certified Corrections Officer designation, applicants need to have a high school diploma or GED and one year of work experience prior to taking the exam.

Correctional officers or jailers require a minimum of a high school degree, though some additional schooling or certification can help prospective officers get better or higher ranking positions.

Next: View Schools

What is your highest level of education?

Some College
Complete your degree or find the graduate program that's right for you.
High School Diploma
Explore schools that offer bachelor and associate degrees.
Still in High School
Earn your diploma or GED. Plan your undergraduate education.

Schools you may like:

Popular Schools

The listings below may include sponsored content but are popular choices among our users.

    • MS in Criminal Justice
    • BS in Corrections
    • BS in Criminal Justice - Juvenile Justice
    • BS in Criminal Justice
    • BS in Criminal Justice - Law Enforcement
    • AAS in Criminal Justice
    • AAS in Criminal Justice and Criminology

    What is your highest level of education completed?

  • What is your highest level of education?

    • Master of Arts in Law - Criminal Justice
    • M.A. in Law - Alternative Dispute Resolution
    • Master of Arts in Law - National Security
    • Master of Public Administration - Emergency Management and Homeland Security
    • M.A. in Government - National Security Studies
    • M.A. in National Security Studies - Homeland Security
    • Bachelor of Applied Science in Criminal Justice
    • Bachelor of Arts in Leadership Studies - Criminal Justice
    • Bachelor of Science in Criminal Justice
    • Bachelor of Science in Professional Studies - Criminal Justice
    • Bachelor of Arts in Law and National Security
    • Bachelor of Science in Paralegal Studies

    What is your highest level of education completed?

    • MS in Criminal Justice: Law Enforcement

    What is your highest level of education?

    • Criminal Justice, M.S.
    • Criminal Justice, B.S.
    • Psychology, B.S. - Emphasis in Criminal Justice
    • Criminal Justice, A.S.

    What is your highest level of education completed?

  • What is your highest level of education?

    • MS in Criminal Justice
    • MS in Criminal Justice Federal Law Enforcement
    • MS in Criminal Justice Intelligence & Crime Analysis
    • MS in Criminal Justice Behavior Analysis
    • MS in Criminal Justice Homeland Security
    • MS in Criminal Justice Behavior Management

    What is your highest level of education completed?

    • MS in Data Science: Financial Crime
    • Bachelor of Science in Fraud and Financial Crime Investigation
    • BS in Fraud and Financial Crime Investigation - Financial Investigation
    • BS in Fraud and Financial Crime Investigation - Fraud Prevention and Detection

    What is your highest level of education completed?

  • What is your highest level of education?

    • BA: Criminal Justice
    • BA: Criminal Justice - Criminalistics
    • BA: Criminal Justice - Homeland Security
    • AA: Criminal Justice

    What is your highest level of education completed?

Find your perfect school

What is your highest level of education?