Licensed Clinical Therapist Job Description
The field of clinical therapy is diverse, often stressful, and includes many specialties. The role of a clinical therapist will have overlap with a marriage and family therapy, addictions, or mental health counselor job description. Regardless of the specialty, licensed clinical therapists often do the following:
- Help patients cope with behavioral, mental, and emotional problems
- Work in mental health facilities, schools, and government-run centers
- Run one-on-one or group counseling sessions
- Organize treatment programs
- Refer serious cases to medical professionals
Career Requirements for the Role of a Therapist
|Degree Level||Master's degree is required|
|Degree Field||Psychology, counseling or related field|
|Licensure and Certification||Licensure is required|
|Experience||Experience in counseling is required|
|Key Skills||Active listening, speaking, social perception, service orientation, complex problem solving, writing, monitoring, judgment and decision making skills; accounting, medical, spreadsheet and word processing software|
|Salary (2018)||$44,630 (median annual salary for Substance Abuse, Behavioral Disorder, and Mental Health Counselors)|
Source: U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS)
How to Become a Licensed Clinical Therapist
Step 1: Earn a Bachelor's Degree
Most jobs for clinical therapists require a master's degree, and a bachelor's degree is a necessary stepping stone toward the master's. Though most bachelor's degree programs are accepted by graduate psychology and therapy programs, students may wish to pursue their bachelor's degrees in psychology, social work, or related areas. If a student's bachelor's degree is not in psychology or a related subject, he or she may need to have completed certain prerequisite courses, such as statistics, abnormal psychology, and child psychology.
Step 2: Take the Graduate Record Examination (GRE)
Most master's degree programs require GRE scores as part of their application requirements. Some accept the Miller Analogies Test (MAT) in place of the GRE. Students may take the appropriate admissions test while working toward their bachelor's degrees.
Step 3: Earn a Master's Degree
Master's programs may focus on a particular form of therapy, such as marriage and family therapy, or they may focus on general clinical psychology. The curricula in these programs consist of theoretical and applied coursework. Some master's programs are designed to prepare students who want to become clinical psychologists for doctoral programs.
Many master's programs require clinical experience or an internship for graduation. This may involve full-time work under the supervision of a licensed professional and take place in a setting relevant to the student's career interests. Some schools have on-site clinics that students may work out of to provide counseling services to community members. Clinical experience gained in a master's degree program may also satisfy licensure requirements. Some programs may also encourage students to participate in collaborative research projects with faculty members.
Step 4: Meet Licensing Requirements
The BLS indicates that licensing requirements vary by state and specialty; however, common prerequisites include earning a master's degree and obtaining supervised clinical experience in addition to passing a state-recognized exam. According to the National Board for Certified Counselors (NBCC), the National Counselor Examination (NCE) is used as the licensing exam in many states. Licensure is required for marriage and family therapists, mental health counselors and career counselors who work in private practice. Individuals may need to meet continuing education requirements to remain licensed.
Step 5: Consider Certification
Certifications are voluntary, but they may help with career advancement. The NBCC awards the National Certified Counselor (NCC) credential to individuals who meet eligibility requirements (which are similar to those required for state licensure) and pass the NCE. This organization also offers specialty credentials in school, mental health, and addictions counseling; specialty certification is open to counselors who have obtained the NCC credential. Therapists who want to earn specialty certification need to meet experience requirements and pass an exam.