Career Definition for a Licensed Hair Cutter
A licensed hair cutter has been professionally trained in the art and science of hair aesthetics and specializes in hair cuts. A licensed hair cutter may suggest cuts or tailor a celebrity style to suit a client's individual features. Licensed hair cutters may work exclusively with men, exclusively with women or with both genders. They may be called hairdressers, hairstylists, beauticians or barbers. They can also provide guidance for those undergoing chemotherapy and losing their hair, and they can cut and style wigs or hairpieces to achieve a more natural look.
|Required Education||Graduation from state-licensed cosmetology or barber school; state licensure|
|Necessary Skills||Sense of style, interpersonal skills, flexibility, passion for the job|
|Median Salary (2019)*||$26,090 (for all hairdressers, hairstylists and cosmetologists)|
|Job Outlook (2019-2029)*||2% decline (for all hairdressers, hairstylists and cosmetologists)|
Source: *U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics
All hair cutters must be licensed by the state in which they plan to work. Licensure requirements vary. However, these workers must have graduated from a state-licensed cosmetology or barber school, which usually lasts nine months and may lead to an associate degree, according to the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS). Cosmetology programs mandate that students learn all aspects of hair aesthetics in order to graduate. Students first learn the basic science of hair, which is followed by courses in hair-cutting, chemical procedures such as coloring, styling techniques and salon management. Students begin work on mannequins and progress to actual clients. Upon graduation, aspiring licensed hair cutters typically intern at an established salon to gain professional experience.
Aspiring licensed hair cutters must have a strong sense of style and superb interpersonal skills. A licensed hair cutter must be able to interpret a client's desires, be able to tactfully dissuade them from hairstyles that don't suit them and understand the significance that hair has on self-image. Hair cutters must love their profession and be willing to work weekends and nights.
Career and Economic Outlook
According to the BLS, demand for hairdressers, hairstylists and cosmetologists, including licensed hair cutters, is expected to decline by 2% from 2019-2029. Personal appearance is now seen as a necessity that must be maintained despite the economy. However, competition will be strong, particularly at well-known salons. According to the BLS, hairdressers, hairstylists and cosmetologists earned a median hourly wage of $12.54 in 2019, while the median annual salary was $26,090.
Alternate Career Options
Some skills necessary to become a hair cutter also apply to jobs in other areas, such as the following:
Manicurist or Pedicurist
Completing a cosmetology program and passing the licensing exam will qualify individuals for a job as a manicurist or pedicurist, in which they cleanse and shape clients' toenails and fingernails. Much faster than average employment growth of 19% was expected for these professionals from 2019-2029, and the BLS reported a median hourly salary of $12.39 in 2019 and a median annual salary of $25,770.
Skincare specialists, also known as estheticians or aestheticians, cleanse skin, recommend skincare products and remove unwanted hair with wax or laser treatments. In 2019, the BLS reported a median hourly wage of $16.39 for this profession and a median annual wage of $34,090. Aspiring skin care specialists must complete a cosmetology program approved by the state; most states also require a licensing exam. A much faster-than-average job increase of 17% was predicted by the BLS for this occupation during the 2019-2029 decade.