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Math and Science Bachelors Degree Programs: Overviews by Field of Study

Students interested in studying math and science have several options, including bachelor's degree programs in mathematics, chemistry or biology. These degree programs are designed to prepare students for related careers and graduate degree work.

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Essential Information

Graduates of bachelor's degree programs in mathematics can enter careers in teaching, engineering, economics, finance and technology. Degree programs in biology are designed to prepare students for careers in technology, medicine, agriculture and ecology. A bachelor's degree in chemistry provides students with the knowledge and skills required for careers in research, medicine and education. Individuals who want to become licensed teachers can focus on teacher-preparation courses. The aforementioned bachelor's degree programs may offer other math and science-related concentrations for the aspiring laboratory technician, crime scene analyst, physician or veterinarian. Educational prerequisites for these degree programs require incoming students to have a high school diploma or GED.


Bachelor of Science in Mathematics

Bachelor's degree programs in mathematics cover the essential areas of calculus, geometry, algebra and statistics. Students in this degree program can choose a general mathematics track, which prepares them for teaching and graduate study. Alternatively, they may choose an applied mathematics track - mathematical concepts are applied in various scientific disciplines, such as engineering and the natural sciences. Other concentration areas might include statistics, computer science and economics. Mathematics degree programs are available in conjunction with teacher education programs that allow graduates to teach mathematics in elementary or secondary schools.

Coursework in this degree program varies from school to school and is dependent on the area of concentration. Teacher certification students take teaching and curriculum courses in addition to mathematics requirements. Common courses in this degree program include:

  • Discrete structures
  • Applied analysis
  • Differential structures
  • Advance calculus
  • Linear algebra

Bachelor of Science in Biology

Biology is a scientific area of study where students learn about the biological processes of human, plant and animal life. Students can choose from several concentration areas, including ecology and microbiology as well as preparatory courses for premedical and predental programs. Students take courses in chemistry, physics and general biology in the early stages of this degree program and later move on to major courses, such as cellular biology, genetics and laboratory studies. Students may elect to minor in marine biology or geology or pursue teacher certification at the elementary or secondary level.

Biology students take fundamental biology courses in combination with laboratory coursework. Students might perform dissections or study microorganisms and cells. Common courses in this degree program include:

  • Marine sciences
  • Immunology
  • Anatomy
  • Molecular biology
  • Microbiology

Find schools that offer these popular programs

  • Applied Math
  • Computational Math
  • Math for Computer Science
  • Mathematical Probability and Statistics
  • Statistics, General

Bachelor of Arts in Chemistry

Bachelor of Arts degree programs in chemistry are intended for students who plan to teach, pursue graduate studies or enter a professional career, such as a doctor, dentist or veterinarian. Students can choose from several concentrations in forensic science, biochemistry, environmental chemistry or engineering. Students take fundamental chemistry courses, such as organic chemistry, physical chemistry and biochemistry and complete laboratory courses as part of their degree requirements. Undergraduate chemistry degree programs are also offered in partnership with teacher certification programs, which prepare students to teach chemistry in secondary schools.

Coursework in this degree program includes the study of biology, physics and calculus. Many courses have a laboratory component. Other courses might include:

  • Analytical chemistry
  • Thermodynamics
  • Quantitative analysis
  • Statistical mechanics
  • Polymers

Popular Career Options

Graduates who hold a Bachelor of Science in Mathematics may work in engineering, computer technology and business. They may find positions with government agencies, schools or research facilities. Popular careers for graduates include:

  • Teacher
  • Accountant
  • Computer programmer
  • Statistician

Bachelor of Science in Biology graduates may work in schools, hospitals or research facilities. Many graduates seek careers in laboratories as technicians or in education as teachers. Popular career options for graduates include:

  • Biology teacher
  • Veterinary technician
  • Lab technician
  • Research assistant

Career choices for Bachelor of Science in Chemistry graduates include jobs in laboratories and medical and research facilities. Graduate might also go into the field of quality control or forensic science. Popular career choices include:

  • Teacher
  • Lab technician
  • Crime scene analyst
  • Environmental health specialist

Career and Salary Info

The U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS) indicates that in 2015, statisticians brought in a median annual salary of $80,110. The profession is expected to see a 34% growth in employment opportunities from 2014 to 2024, according to the BLS.

The BLS reported in May of 2015 that secondary school teachers, including biology teachers, were earning a median annual wage of $57,200. Middle school teachers saw a median annual salary of $55,860 at that time. According to the BLS, employment of high school teachers is expected to increase by 6% between 2014 and 2024, while that of middle school teachers is also projected to rise 6%.

According to the BLS, crime scene analysts, also known as forensic science technicians, can expect to see a 27% increase in employment from 2014-2024. In 2015, the BLS listed the median salary for forensic science technicians as $56,320 per year.

Continuing Education Information

Graduates can enroll in a master's degree program in mathematics with concentrations in bioinformatics, mathematics education, finance, computer science and other areas. Graduates who hold a master's degree in mathematics may go on to a Ph.D. Graduates with a Ph.D. may teach at the university level or conduct research.

Students may pursue a graduate degree program in biology, either a master's or Ph.D. Students who are interested in practicing medicine may enroll in a professional program and study towards an MD (Doctor of Medicine), DDS (Doctor of Dental Science) or DVM (Doctor of Veterinary Medicine) degree.

Graduates may continue their educations by enrolling in a master's degree program in chemistry. Other choices include studying towards an MD degree or a Ph.D.

Three of the most common degrees sought after by students interested in sciences and mathematics include the Bachelor of Science in Mathematics, Bachelor of Science in Biology and Bachelor of Arts in Chemistry. Depending on the degree chosen, graduates may pursue careers in medicine, forensics, technology, education or statistics.

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