After college, the first step in becoming a neurologist is to graduate from medical school. Students can find relevant training in medical schools, which are often housed within universities and affiliated with hospitals.
Top 10 Medical Schools
In 2019, U.S. News & World Report ranked these institutions as the top ten primary care medical schools in the country:
|College/University||Location||Institution Type||Tuition (2019-2020)*|
|University of North Carolina - Chapel Hill||Chapel Hill, NC||4-year, public||$30,437 in-state, $57,316 out-of-state|
|University of Washington||Seattle, WA||4-year, public||$36,549 in-state, $66,501 out-of-state|
|University of California - San Francisco||San Francisco, CA||4-year, public||$34,977 in-state, $47,222 out-of-state|
|Baylor College of Medicine||Houston, TX||4-year, private||$29,900|
|University of California - Los Angeles (Geffen)||Los Angeles, CA||4-year, public||$35,187 in-state, $47,432 out-of-state|
|Oregon Health and Science University||Portland, OR||4-year, public||$42,636 in-state, $64,896 out-of-state|
|University of Michigan - Ann Arbor||An Arbor, MI||4-year public||$37,540 in-state. $56,640 out-of-state|
|University of Nebraska Medical Center||Omaha, NE||4-year, public||$33,500 in-state, $79,000 out-of-state|
|University of California - Davis||Sacramento, CA||4-year, public||$37,686 in-state, $49,931 out-of-state|
|University of Minnesota||Minneapolis, MN||4-year, public||$38,628 in-state, $55,437 out-of-state|
|University of Pennsylvania (Perelman||Philadelphia, PA||4-year, private||$57,884|
Source: U.S. News & World Report
School Selection Criteria
There are several factors for prospective neurologists to consider when looking for a medical school program.
- According to the American Academy of Neurology (AAN), students interested in neurology need to consider whether a medical school offers a clerkship in neurology as a requirement or an elective (www.aan.com).
- They should also check to see if the school offers support groups such as a Student Interest Group in Neurology (SIGN) and if the school conducts neurological research.
- Students need to be sure their medical school is accredited by the Liaison Committee on Medical Education, the main accrediting body for medical schools, as residency programs will not accept graduates of non-accredited programs.
- When comparing medical schools, students should look at placement rates in residency and fellowship programs.
Medical school is usually a four-year program. In the first two years, students typically take coursework in the sciences. The last two years focus on diagnosis and treatment of diseases and illnesses, clinical rounds and in developing an area of interest. Some schools offer courses specific to neurology, while others include this specialty within other courses. Some medical schools offer specialized or advanced training in neurology during the fourth year, which can be based on research or clinical practice.
Neurology Residency Programs
Residency programs expand on the knowledge gained in clerkships and internships in medical schools. They enhance the ability to perform assessments and diagnosis conditions, interpret neurological data and work within the healthcare system. Some neurology residency programs are integrated and incorporate the first post-graduate year into their curriculum. Other schools may require the residency program to be completed separately. While these are largely work-oriented programs, students also participate in seminars on a wide range of topics.
Fellowships allow neurologists who have completed their residencies to specialize in a specific area with more autonomy. Fellows assist with the education of medical students and residents while gaining experience in clinical decision-making and patient care.
Aspiring neurologists can prepare for this career by enrolling in a medical school with strong academic offerings in the field. After that, they can complete neurology residency programs and fellowships.