Microbiology may be an attractive career field for someone with an interest in laboratory work, and with a strong science background. With a minimum of a bachelor's degree, microbiologists can potentially work in the pharmaceutical, environmental, or agricultural sectors.
Microbiologists study microorganisms like bacteria, viruses, algae, fungi and microscopic parasites. Microbiologists typically complete at least a bachelor's degree program in microbiology or a related biological science. In order to enter some fields, such as teaching or advanced research, microbiologists may need to complete an advanced degree program.
|Required Education||Bachelor's degree for entry-level positions; doctoral degree is common among college teachers and independent researchers|
|Projected Job Growth (2018-2028)*||5%|
|Average Salary (2018)*||$71,650|
*Source: U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics
Educational Requirements for Microbiologists
To become a microbiologist, a person needs to complete a bachelor's degree program in microbiology. These programs introduce students to concepts in bioinformatics, virology and immunology. Microbiology students also take laboratory courses to see firsthand how microorganisms react to different stimuli and behave in different environments. Graduates may work in the pharmaceutical, agricultural or food production industries.
Advanced Degree Options
Students interested in conducting high-level research projects or taking on more complicated work may need a Master of Science or Ph.D. in Microbiology or a subfield like bacteriology. Students in these programs often gain specialized knowledge though advanced studies. Additionally, many students are responsible for planning and conducting research experiments on topics in their respective fields of study. Upon graduation, these professionals may find employment with government agencies, university research departments and private laboratories.
Careers in Microbiology
The field of microbiology is a specialization under the umbrella term biological science. Biological scientists study living organisms and how these organisms interact with their environments. These scientists are found in positions ranging from research and development (R&D) to pharmaceutical drug management. Their roles may include performing experiments to increase the field's knowledge of a particular subject and creating more effective and cheaper medicines.
In May 2018, the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS) reported that microbiologists in the 90th percentile or higher earned $133,550 or more per year, whereas the bottom 10th percentile earned $41,820 or less per year. Employment opportunities in the field are expected to grow as fast as the national average through 2028.
Specific duties for microbiologists may include monitoring microscopic organisms and studying how they grow. Microbiologists may track the growth of parasites within an organism to observe how the parasite grows or affects the host. These professionals may work with botanists to uncover how different strains of disease affect crops. They may work with environmentalists to check the levels of bacteria in rivers. Other duties of a microbiologist may include compiling data, formulating conclusions and publishing papers.
In conclusion, this article explores the different areas in which a microbiologist might work, including in environmental science, the food industry, and the biomedical industry. A bachelor's degree is the minimum requirement to begin a career as a microbiologist, and an advanced degree might be necessary for pursuing a job as an academic researcher or teacher.