Although scarce, online degrees in sign language are available at the bachelor's and master's degree level; certificates in American Sign Language (ASL) are also offered online and are more common. Certificate programs can generally be completed entirely online, although there are some hybrid programs. These programs are a good option for someone who simply wants to become fluent in ASL.
Online bachelor's degree programs also provide sign language instruction to beginners. The majority of the program can be completed online, but students may be required to participate in summer residencies and internships. Many courses in master's degree programs can be taken online, but some on-campus work is required. Prior to enrolling in a master's degree program, interested students must already hold a bachelor's degree.
Individuals who want to teach the hearing impaired must obtain a teaching license or certification from the state where they wish to teach. This involves meeting education requirements and passing competency exams. Certification for sign language interpreters is available jointly through the National Association of the Deaf and the Registry of Interpreters for the Deaf (RID). Additional certification may be required to work as an ASL-English interpreter for the U.S. government.
Certificate in ASL
Online certificate programs in ASL teach students sign language, including the grammar, syntax and idioms that accompany it. Students practice communication skills that allow them to interact with members of the deaf community, including asking questions, describing people and places, discussing events and giving directions. The minimum educational prerequisite for an online certificate program in ASL is a high school diploma or the GED equivalent. Online ASL programs are available at many different colleges and universities across the nation.
Program Information and Requirements
An online certificate program in ASL can be completed in one year. Many ASL certificate programs are hybrid programs; coursework may be completed online, but students may be required to complete in-person requirements. Some programs require a 2-week on-campus residency, during which students are expected to communicate entirely in sign language. To access online courses, students log in to a Web-based application, such as Open University or BlackBoard, where they watch lectures, participate in virtual classrooms, read teacher's notes, communicate with other students and turn in assignments.
This online program requires reliable Internet access and a working computer. Software programs, including Microsoft Word, PowerPoint, Adobe Flash and Acrobat Reader are also necessary. Other tools, such as a webcam or a media player, may also be required.
An online American Sign Language certificate program has no general education requirements. Online ASL courses have regular meeting dates and times, with assignments that must be turned in by specific due dates.
Beginning American Sign Language
In this ASL course, students learn basic grammar and vocabulary. Topics include how to discuss people, their names and provide basic information about individuals they see or meet.
Advanced American Sign Language
This course is typically part of an on-campus residency; students learn advanced principles and techniques for communicating with members of the deaf community. They learn to describe places, events and tell simple stories.
Workshop in American Sign Language
Students taking this course gain practical experience speaking with members of the deaf community, including children. They learn common phrases used between friends and discover where they can acquire more information about the deaf community.
Bachelor of Arts in American Sign Language-English Interpretation
Through an online bachelor's degree program in American Sign Language, students learn to communicate with and interpret on behalf of the deaf community. They study the hand movements used to communicate, as well as grammar, vocabulary and common expressions used in sign language. A bachelor's degree program in ASL-English interpretation requires a high school diploma or GED for enrollment. Online bachelor's degree programs in ASL-English interpretation are not commonly available.
Program Information and Requirements
An online bachelor's degree program in sign language generally takes four years to complete. Such programs are generally asynchronous, and students can complete courses on their own time, although regular assignment due dates may still apply. Students are expected to interact with classmates and professors online to enhance the learning experience.
This program requires that students have a working computer and reliable, high-speed Internet access. Microsoft Office Suite, which includes Word, PowerPoint and Excel, is also required, as is a working DVD player, and a camcorder or webcam.
An online bachelor's degree program in ASL-English interpretation includes general education classes, which are completed throughout the program, along with sign language courses.
Linguistics of American Sign Language
Students study the grammar, syntax, phonology and semantics of ASL. They also learn the differences between spoken and visual languages.
Advanced American Sign Language
Through this class, students become familiar with ASL grammar and the language's parameters. They also study finger spelling and numbers.
This class introduces students to specific techniques used in interpreting American Sign Language. They develop listening, comprehension, visual and overall communication skills necessary for interpretation careers in this field.
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Master of Special Education with a Concentration in Sign Language
This online master's degree program is designed for individuals who already know some sign language and want to become nationally certified interpreters. Through such programs, students learn to communicate with members of the deaf community on behalf of others in personal, legal and business situations. Such degree programs are intensive to the arts or to education and focus on developing the communication skills required for effective translation. Applicants must have at least an associate's degree in interpretation or a bachelor's degree in sign language, interpretation or a related program. There are not many online master's degree programs of this kind available.
Program Information and Requirements
An online master's degree program in special education with a sign language concentration takes about two years to complete. Although aspects of every course are available online, some courses are offered in hybrid format, requiring that students spend one weekend per semester on campus. Students may also be required to complete an in-person internship with a business or government system, although this can often be completed locally. Some courses require that students participate in a virtual classroom, where they demonstrate language competency by communicating with other students; other courses allow students to complete coursework at their own pace.
Students must have access to a webcam, as well as reliable high-speed Internet access and a computer. Microsoft Office, Adobe Flash and Acrobat Reader are common software requirements.
Students entering this program have already completed general education courses as part of a bachelor's or associate's degree program. Students are also expected to have a background in sign language or interpretation, as well as the ability to work on their own and adhere to assignment due dates.
In this course, students learn to communicate with people from other cultures, with specific emphasis on the deaf community. They explore potential miscommunication and discuss general communication problems.
In this course, students learn specific signs for communicating with members of the deaf community within a healthcare setting, such as a hospital or doctor's office. Signs for various diseases, illnesses, infections and symptoms are studied.
Conversation in American Sign Language
Students taking this practical course have the opportunity to communicate with one another and with members of the deaf community using American Sign Language. They gain practical experience discussing world events, politics, health care news, literature and other topics.
A certificate program in American Sign Language can lead to a career as a translator or interpreter for individuals who can communicate fluently. A bachelor's degree is typically required to work as an interpreter or translator, but a language major isn't always necessary; a certificate program can prepare bachelor's degree holders for working specifically with the deaf community. According to the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS), the demand for all interpreters and translators will grow rapidly between 2014 and 2024, at a rate of 29%, due to a continued shortage of qualified applicants and increasingly popular video relay services (www.bls.gov). The median annual salary for interpreters and translators, including those for sign language, in 2015 was $44,190, also per the BLS.
Upon completion of an online bachelor's degree in ASL-English interpreting, students can pursue careers as translators or interpreters; positions are available at businesses, courts and schools. According to the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS), roughly 20% of translators and interpreters were self-employed in 2014, potentially working part time and relying on supplementary income sources (www.bls.gov). The BLS also notes that most employers require applicants to have at least a bachelor's degree for this position.
A master's degree program in special education with a concentration in sign language helps prepare students for careers as sign language instructors or special education teachers. According to the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS), the median annual wage for special education teachers was $56,800 in 2015 (www.bls.gov). This field is expected to continue to experience 6% employment growth between 2014 and 2024, also per the BLS. Special education teachers must be licensed in the U.S., and additional licensing requirements may apply. A master's degree is generally not required to work as a sign language interpreter or translator, but it may potentially facilitate job opportunities or advancement.
Individuals who want to learn sign language may get basic training through an online certificate program. Those who want to delve deeper into the field and ultimately become a translator may seek a bachelor's and then a master's degree in the field.