Oral Surgeon: Career Information & Requirements

Dental schooling and licensure are among the requirements for a career in oral surgery. Keep reading to learn more about the required training and skills, in addition to finding out the salary expectation and employment outlook, to see if you want to pursue this profession.

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Career Definition for an Oral Surgeon

Maxillofacial surgeons, better known as oral surgeons, are specialists within the broader field of dentistry. Oral surgeons operate on the mouth and jaws of their patients and often work in conjunction with other dentists, surgeons and orthodontists. Typical duties of an oral surgeon include consulting with patients, discussing treatment options, treating patients, overseeing aftercare, coordinating with other dentists and physicians, overseeing office administration and recording patient care.

Education Doctor of Dental Surgery degree
Job Skills Dexterity, interpersonal communication, leadership, organization
Median Salary (2017)* $208,000 and above (oral and maxillofacial surgeons)
Job Growth (2016-2026)* 19% (oral and maxillofacial surgeons)

Source: *U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics

Education Requirements

While you don't have to complete a 4-year bachelor's degree prior to applying to a dental school, most applicants have such a degree. Typical college coursework for people looking to become dentists or oral surgeons includes chemistry, physics, biology, health and mathematics. Dental schooling to become an oral surgeon will take an additional four years, during which time dental students complete coursework and treat patients in a supervised setting; to become licensed as an oral surgeon, most states require passing a written and practical examination.

Skills Required

Oral surgeons should have good supervisory and administrative skills; many oral surgeons own their own practice and oversee technicians, assistants and clerks. Being physically dexterous, able to multitask and patient will also help you to be a successful oral surgeon.

Employment and Economic Outlook

The employment outlook for dentistry, a wider field that includes oral surgeons, was good; the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS) projected that employment in this field would grow 19% from 2016-2026. In 2017, the BLS reported oral and maxillofacial surgeons earned a median annual salary of $208,000 or higher.

Alternate Career Options

Check out related occupations that involve diagnosing and treating people with illnesses or injuries:

Physician and Surgeon

Often taking at least 11 years to complete training, physicians and surgeons must have a professional or doctoral degree to examine, diagnose and treat patients; surgeons also treat injuries or conditions through operations. During the 2016-2026 decade, faster than average employment growth of 13% was projected by the BLS for this field in general.

Annual median salaries vary widely, depending on the type of practice and area of specialty. For example, family and general practitioners earned an average annual wage of $208,560 in 2017, according to the BLS, while anesthesiologists earned $265,990.


Optometrists who treat visual problems, injuries and diseases must have a Doctor of Optometry degree to gain state licensing to practice. Their training often spans approximately 8 years. According to the BLS, these professionals earned an annual median salary of $110,300 in 2017 and could expect much faster than average job growth of 18% from 2016-2026.

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