Paramedics are required to complete postsecondary training in their field, pass the national registry of emergency medical technicians exams and meet state licensing requirements. This is a high-stress career field that involves treating the sick or injured in emergency medical situations and can involve life-or-death decisions.
Paramedics help save lives by stabilizing and transporting people who have been injured in an accident or experienced a medical crisis, like a heart attack or stroke. While employment prospects are expected to be strong, limited advancement opportunities are available. In addition to classroom training, prospective paramedics must also complete extensive field work.
|Required Education||Paramedic certificate or associate degree|
|Other Requirements||Pass National Registry of Emergency Medical Technicians (NREMT) exams|
|Projected Job Growth (2018-2028)*||7% (all EMTs and paramedics)|
|Median Salary (2018)*||$34,320 (all EMTs and paramedics)|
Source: *U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics
Career Summary for Paramedics
Paramedics are first responders who provide the most advanced emergency medical care to patients, then communicate what they observed on the scene and during transport to medical professionals at a hospital. They respond to emergency calls and perform life-saving procedures at the scene and during transport, and may administer intravenous medications and advanced medical treatments that emergency medical technicians (EMTs) with basic and intermediate licensure are not trained to use. Paramedics must be able to work under pressure and have a broad understanding of injuries and treatment options. They need to be comfortable working more than 40 hours a week, being on-call and working irregular hours.
According to the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS), employment for paramedics and emergency medical technicians is expected to increase faster than the average for that of the job market as a whole through 2028. Growth is spurred by an increasing number of elderly citizens who need medical care.
In May 2018, the BLS reported that EMTs and paramedics in the 90th percentile or higher earned $58,640 or more per year, whereas the bottom 10th percentile earned $22,760 or less per year. The highest-paid individuals in this profession work in state government, facilities support services, and medical and diagnostic laboratories.
Educational Requirements for Paramedics
Prospective paramedics may choose between undergoing a training program and earning an associate's degree. These programs require students to complete coursework and field training, so students must first have valid EMT-Basic licensure. Individuals who complete paramedic training must obtain multiple medical procedure credentials, such as Advanced Cardiac Life Support Provider, Advanced Life Support Provider and Neonatal Resuscitation Provider. Associate's degree programs may include classes in biology, chemistry, psychology, anatomy and physiology.
These programs require many hours of supervised experience in hospitals and with paramedic teams. This portion of the curricula familiarizes individuals with the real-world applications of the equipment and procedures they were introduced to in lectures. At the completion of a program, graduates may take the National Registry of Emergency Medical Technicians (NREMT) EMT-Paramedic/Paramedic cognitive and psychomotor exams to complete certification.
All states have varying standards of licensure for paramedics. Most states require the completion of an approved program and passing scores on the NREMT exams, although some states may have their own exam that applicants must pass. Once licensed, paramedics will likely need continuing education to maintain their eligibility.
The high demand for qualified personnel means that those who complete the postsecondary training and pass the NREMT exams and state licensing requirements should have employment options in their field.