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Pennsylvania Education and State Information

Although Pennsylvania is known for producing steel, that industry has declined in recent decades. The University of Pittsburgh and Penn State University are among nearly 250 nonprofit colleges and universities located around the state.

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Information About Pennsylvania

According to 2015 U.S. Census Bureau estimates, Pennsylvania had a population of about 12.8 million people. Nearly 83% of the population was white, while roughly 12% identified as black or African American and more than 6% as Hispanic or Latino, as of 2014 census data. The median household income for 2010-2014 was $53,115.

The Pennsylvania climate is typical for a temperate zone, exhibiting marked seasonal variations in both temperature and precipitation. Within each season, the weather is quite changeable. In January, average lows are 9 degrees, while average July highs are in the 90s. Pennsylvania also has many things to do. Museums, amusement parks, water parks, historical attractions, aquariums and zoos are just a few.

Pennsylvania Education Opportunities

Pennsylvania State University - University Park is the largest postsecondary school in the state, and it earned a No. 47 national ranking from U.S. News & World Report in 2016. Other nationally ranked universities in the state include the University of Pennsylvania in Philadelphia (ninth), Carnegie Mellon University in Pittsburgh (23rd), Lehigh University in Bethlehem (47th) and the University of Pittsburgh (66th).

Pennsylvania is also home to some of the nation's top liberal arts colleges and universities. U.S. News ranked Swarthmore College third among national liberal arts colleges in 2016, and Haverford College ranked twelfth. Other liberal arts colleges and universities in the top 50 included Bryn Mawr College, Bucknell University in Lewisburg, Lafayette College in Easton, Dickinson College in Carlisle, Franklin and Marshall College in Lancaster and Gettysburg College.

Some of the largest 2-year schools in the state include Harrisburg Area Community College's main campus, Community College of Philadelphia and Community College of Allegheny County in Pittsburgh. More than 30 2-year schools can be found throughout the state.

Pennsylvania Economy

In the 19th century, Pennsylvania quickly emerged as the nation's leading steel producer, but the steel industry has since declined dramatically. Although heavy industry has fallen off in general, Pennsylvania still maintains top industries such as energy, advanced manufacturing, tourism, and aviation. Some of the top employers for Pennsylvania include the Philadelphia International Airport, the University of Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania State University, Lehigh Valley Health Network, and Einstein Medical Center.

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