A PhD program in ecology is generally interdisciplinary, including many components of the environmental sciences - such as geology, microbiology, botany and entomology - in addition to the biological sciences. To graduate, PhD students will need to complete a dissertation based on original, independent research. Students typically must possess a master's degree prior to entering into a PhD program. Applicants should have training in mathematics, chemistry, physics, statistics and geology.
PhD in Ecology
A PhD program in ecology may involve coursework in plant and animal physiology, behavioral ecology, ecosystems, paleoecology and social sciences. Topics covered may include:
- Physiological ecology of plants
- Population ecology
- Habitat data analysis
- Genetics and conservation
- Landscape management
Employment Outlook and Salary Info
Ecologists can look for employment in a variety of fields, including agronomy, climatology, entomology, forest ecology, oceanography and zoology. Some ecologists may also want to pursue work in teaching. The U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics stated that postsecondary teachers in general were projected to see an 11% increase in employment opportunities from 2018-2028; postsecondary biological science teachers had a slightly higher projected growth of 12%. The median annual wages for biological science professors were $82,550 in May 2018.
After successfully finishing a PhD program, an individual may choose to earn a senior ecologist certification through the Ecological Society of America. In addition to an ecology PhD, requirements for certification include organizational and technical competence, five years of full-time professional experience and a demonstrated knowledge of scientific literature. Candidates must have also written an original piece of academic literature pertaining to ecological practices.
A Ph.D. program in ecology combines coursework and research in the environmental and biological sciences to prepare students for careers as researchers or professors. Graduates can expect positive job growth and may decide to earn additional certification.