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Career Definition for Pharmacologists
Pharmacologists conduct research on animals or on willing human subjects; they develop chemical compounds and substances that can be used as new medications. Some pharmacologists focus on the effects of harmful chemicals, while others research the harmful and beneficial effects of chemicals on specific regions of the body, such as the respiratory or cardiovascular system. Job duties include planning and directing studies, standardizing drug doses, preparing research grants, and following safety procedures.
|Education||Doctorate in pharmacology or related field|
|Job Duties||Planning and directing studies, standardizing drug doses, performing research|
|Median Salary (2017)*||$82,090 (all medical scientists)|
|Job Growth (2016-2026)*||13% (all medical scientists)|
Source: *U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics
Pharmacologists must have an advanced degree such as a Ph.D. or a Pharm.D. in order to find a job. Students interested in entering the field should take classes in toxicology, chemistry, biology, pharmacology, and microbiology. Students also gain hands-on training through labs and clinical experiences. Additionally, medical scientists who administer drugs to humans or interact with patients must meet the qualifications of a licensed M.D., which requires graduating from an accredited medical school, passing licensing exams, and completing residency requirements, according to the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS).
Pharmacologists must have a strong background in math and science and need to be able to gather, analyze, and understand medical data. Additionally, they should have excellent written and oral communication skills and must be capable of operating medical equipment and other machinery used in research.
Career and Economic Outlook
Jobs available for medical scientists are predicted to expand by about 13% from 2016 through 2026, according to the BLS. The BLS also reported the median annual salary for medical scientists, including pharmacologists, as $82,090 in May 2017. Advancements in medical technology and an increased emphasis on using medications to treat mental and physical issues are expected to create sustained job growth in the industry.
Alternate Career Options
Similar career options in this field include:
Epidemiologists study the cause and evolution of disease outbreaks and related public health concepts to understand how to slow or stop their spread; epidemiologists' work is also used to minimize the chances of such an outbreak happening again. Epidemiologists have earned at least a master's degree or Ph.D. in the field; some also have a medical degree. Epidemiologists can look forward to a positive job growth of 9% from 2016 to 2026, per the BLS. This occupation paid a median salary of $69,660 in 2017, reported the BLS.
A biochemist applies the knowledge and lab skills gained through extensive education and training, including a Ph.D. program in biochemistry, to the study of living organisms. Biochemists focus on how and why cells behave the way they do; they may study the building blocks of cells, how different drugs affect cells, and related ideas. The BLS reports that jobs for biochemists and biophysicists are expected to increase by 11% from 2016 to 2026, and that those in these fields earned a median pay of $91,190 in 2017.