A procurement manager has a number of career options when it comes to finding employment in different industries. While the most common role involves managing companies and enterprises, a procurement manager might also be employed by the federal government, the instruments manufacturing sector, or in the aerospace product and parts industry. Prior to gaining employment, individuals must hold a bachelor's degree in a field related to business or economics.
Procurement managers, also known as purchasing managers, work for a variety of public and private organizations. Their main responsibility is to acquire goods for their company. This career field generally requires a bachelor's degree and prior work experience. However, advancement may require a master's degree.
|Required Education||Bachelor's degree in business, economics, or related field|
|Recommended Education||Master's degree in applicable field|
|Licensure/Certification||Voluntary certification available|
|Typical Work Experience||1-5 years|
|Projected Job Growth (2014-2024)*||1% (all purchasing managers)|
|Median Salary (2015)**||$108,120 (all purchasing managers)|
Source: *U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics
Procurement managers might buy products and services for use by the company they represent, or they might purchase them for resale. For example, a procurement manager for a food company might buy corn to process into tortillas or cereal, while a manager with a medical imaging company might purchase x-ray or EKG machines for use at a particular radiology facility. Additionally, procurement managers might specialize in a certain type of good, such as clothing or tobacco, or a service, like advertising or transportation. In larger companies, purchasing managers might oversee a team of purchasing agents.
According to the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS), about 18% of purchasing managers worked for the management departments of companies and enterprises in 2015. Another 7% of purchasing managers, or 5,190 individuals, worked for the federal government, with the remainder divided among other industries.
Procurement managers may be able to advance to the executive role of chief procurement officer (CPO). A CPO generally heads an entire purchasing department and reports to the chief executive officer.
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Procurement managers handle the purchasing needs of a company. They examine business trends and markets and attempt to get the greatest value for their company's dollar without sacrificing quality. Today's procurement manager needs to be familiar with an array of supply management software, including database management, enterprise resource planning (ERP), financial analysis, inventory management, point of sale, procurement and project management programs, as well as general office software.
A procurement manager needs to be skilled at mathematics, negotiation, financial analysis and supply chain management. In order to advance, he or she likely will need extensive experience in production, marketing, logistics and planning.
According to the BLS, most employers prefer to hire procurement managers who hold at least a bachelor's degree in business, engineering, economics or an applied science, and a master's degree typically is needed for advancement. Often, one begins as a trainee, procurement clerk or junior buyer before moving into a management position. The BLS reports that on-the-job training to understand company-specific requirements can take 1-5 years. Continuing education, often in the form of seminars, in generally required.
Numerous certification programs are offered by the Institute for Supply Management, the Association for Operations Management (APICS) and the American Purchasing Society. Government procurement managers can seek additional credentials through the National Institute of Governmental Purchasing. The BLS reports that certification is becoming increasingly important, particularly for those entering the field.
Employment Outlook and Salary Information
Slower-than-average growth of 1% is expected for purchasing managers over the 2014-2024 decade, according to the BLS. While most purchasing managers earned between $60,830 and $172,950 annually in May 2015, the median salary was $108,120.
Procurement managers who hope to advance their careers typically need to have a master's degree in an applicable field. On-the-job training for this career can be significant, lasting anywhere from 1-5 years. In addition, there are often further training requirements involved, which in most cases is conducted through seminars.