In order to become a psychiatrist, students must complete a bachelor's degree program, a medical degree program and a 4-year residency in addition to passing a licensing exam. In order to gain admission into an M.D. program, applicants must submit MCAT scores and demonstrate knowledge of biology, chemistry and psychology. Graduates who want to specialize further can do a 1-year fellowship program following residency.
Graduate Programs in Psychiatry
Most medical schools have similar coursework requirements in human anatomy, biochemistry, pathology and immunology during the first two years of study. The fourth-year electives, which allow students to focus on psychiatry, are often 1-3 month clinical rotations focused on a specialty. Common psychiatry electives in an M.D. program include:
- Infant, child and adolescent psychiatry
- Adult and geriatric psychiatry
- Psychiatry at inpatient and outpatient facilities
- Family and community psychiatry
Continuing Education Information
Students who complete an M.D. program can go on to a 4-year residency in psychiatry. Doctors work at area hospitals and medical facilities and complete psychiatric care requirements, including training in psychotherapy and working with mentally ill patients in behavioral health centers. Doctors who complete their psychiatry residency are eligible to sit for the psychiatry certification examination, administered by the American Board of Psychiatry and Neurology, Inc., and resulting in state licensure as a board-certified psychiatrist.
Salary and Employment Outlook
The U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS) projects 4% growth for all physicians and surgeons, including psychiatrists, between 2019 and 2029. This expected growth rate is the average for occupations in all fields. Psychiatrists earned a median annual salary equal to or greater than $208,000 per year in May 2020, the BLS reported.
Individuals interested in becoming psychiatrists should complete an M.D. program and choose electives based on the specialty of interest. Graduates can work in a number of environments and must acquire state licensure to practice.