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Career Definition for a Public Administrator
Public administrators implement, oversee, coordinate, and direct the policies and activities of governments at various levels, including local, county, state and federal. They are typically employed in the labor, legal, finance, education and health care fields.
|Required Education||Graduate and undergraduate degree programs in public policy and administration|
|Job Skills||Communication, leadership, research, problem-solving abilities, interpersonal skills|
|Median Salary (May 2015)*||$63,530 and $99,730 (Social/community service managers and political scientists respectively)|
|Job Outlook (2014-2024)*||10% and -2% (Social/community service managers and political scientists respectively)|
Source: *United States Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS)
Some colleges and universities offer undergraduate programs in public policy and administration that can lead to a bachelor's degree. Relevant coursework may include topics in management theories and practice, economics, law and organizational studies. Master of Public Administration programs are also available. Aspiring social and community service managers can pursue bachelor's or master's degrees in health or public administration, business, social work or urban studies,
Public administrators should have good communication, leadership, research and problem-solving abilities. A sense of compassion, as well as decision-making and interpersonal skills, can also be helpful.
Career and Salary Outlook
While employment and salary information specific to public administrators is not available from the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS), the organization does provide data for political scientists and social and community service managers. According to the BLS, employment opportunities for community service managers are expected to grow by 10% nationwide between 2014 and 2024, or faster than average in comparison to all other occupations. On the other hand, employment opportunities for political scientists are projected to decline by 2% over the same period. Social and community service managers earned a median salary of $63,530 in May 2015, while political scientists earned $99,730 the same year (www.bls.gov).
Alternate Career Options
Top executives can be found in a variety of industries and occupational sectors, and according to the BLS, 86% percent of them were employed as general or operations managers as 2012. In the public sectors, top executives usually have a bachelor's or master's degree in business or public administration, law or a more broad-based field of study like the liberal arts; corporate executives may have a Master of Business Administration (MBA).
From 2014-2024, top executives across the country will see a 6%, or fast-as-average, growth in employment, as reported by the BLS. As of May 2015, top executives enjoyed median yearly wages of $102,690 (www.bls.gov).
Urban and Regional Planners
Urban and regional planners, often in conjunction with public administrators or developers, work to create or restore metropolitan and regional areas. A master's degree in urban and regional planning is the usual requirement for pursuing a position; voluntary certifications are available from the American Institute of Certified Planners. According to the BLS, employment opportunities for urban and regional planners are expected to increase by 6% nationwide, or as fast as average, between 2014 and 2024. City and regional planners who were employed in May 2015 were paid median yearly salaries of $68,220 (www.bls.gov).