Radiographer: Job Duties & Requirements

Find out about the common duties of radiographers, as well as what education is required for this job. Read on to see the skills needed by radiographers and their potential income. Information on career projections and alternative employment options is also available.

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Career Definition of a Radiographer

A radiographer, also called a radiography technician or a radiologic technician, works directly with patients as part of a healthcare team to assist in diagnosing and treating a variety of ailments, from broken bones to cancer. Radiographers take x-rays and use radiation therapy to treat patients' cancerous tumors. Other duties of the radiographer are to update patients' charts, maintain equipment in the radiology lab, and follow closely all of the safety precautions necessary to the job. There are 1-year programs to earn certification as a radiography technician; however, many students and employers consider a 2 or 4-year program in radiation sciences to be preferable.

Educational and Licensing Requirements Associate's degree in radiation science; additional licensing varies by state
Job Skills Strong communication skills, good at working within a team and attention to detail
Median Salary (2015)* $56,670 (all radiologic technologists)
Job Outlook (2014-2024)* 9% (all radiologic technologists)

Source: *U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics

Required Education

The most common degree completed by those seeking a career in radiography is a 2-year associate's degree in radiation science. Coursework will include topics such as anatomy, biology and medical record keeping. Licensure laws vary by state, but most states require a board exam to be passed before a radiography technician can be licensed to practice.

Required Skills

A radiographer must communicate successfully with patients and their families. Therefore, patience and understanding are valuable skills. A desire to work as part of a team and the ability to follow exact instructions are also important.

Career and Economic Outlook

Radiologic technologists were to have a 9% increase in jobs from 2014 to 2024, based on data from the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS). While hospitals remain the largest employers of radiography technicians, clinics, dentist's offices and diagnostic imaging centers are also in need of qualified radiographers. The BLS reported the median annual income for radiologic technologists at $56,670 in 2015.

Alternative Career Options

Similar career options in this field include:

Diagnostic Medical Sonographer

There are various types of sonographers, who use imaging equipment to assess medical problems. A postsecondary certificate or associate's degree is required to work as a sonographer. Between 2014 and 2024, diagnostic medical sonographers were projected to experience a 26% increase in jobs, according to the BLS. As of May 2015, the median salary was reported as $68,970.

Cardiovascular Technologist and Technician

For this career category, the BLS reported an employment growth of 22% from 2014-2024. Technologists monitor the health of patients' hearts and help diagnose medical problems, while technicians assist technologists. Technicians may become certified to use an electrocardiogram (EKG). In 2015, the BLS stated that cardiovascular technologists and technicians earned a median income of $54,880 per year.

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