Radiology Science Employment Info & Career Requirements

Read on to learn about careers for radiology science professionals. Explore education and training options, get job prospects, and find out about the earning potential of jobs in radiology science.

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Career Definition for a Radiology Science Professional

Job titles for radiology science professionals include radiation technologist, radiation therapist, radiographer, and radiologist just to name a few. All radiology science professionals work as part of a health care team to diagnose and treat illnesses, often cancer, with radiologic technology. Some entry-level positions may require as little as one year of study, while advanced, higher-paying positions require graduate and even post-graduate education.

Education High school background in science, certificate and associate degrees available, but bachelor's degree is now common
Job Skills Patient interaction, dedication to training, empathy, professionalism
Median Salary (2015)* $56,670 for radiologic technologists, $80,220 for radiation therapists
Job Growth (2014-2024)* 9% for radiologic technologists, 14% for radiation therapists

Source: *U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics

Required Education

Charting an educational course for a successful career in radiology science should begin in high school with a strong interest in science. Job opportunities are available for the student who completes a 1-year certificate program or an associate's degree program in radiation/radiologic sciences; completion of a bachelor's degree program is also common among radiation therapists. For those interested in pursuing the highest-paying jobs in radiology science, a master's degree or Ph.D. is needed. In all instances, working in radiology science requires licensure from the state in which the radiology science professional wishes to practice.

Skills Required

In almost every case, a career in radiology science requires interaction with people who may be experiencing pain and stress due to disease or injury. The ability to be both empathetic and professional is very important. A radiology science professional must also be dedicated to continued training in the latest medical technological advances.

Career and Economic Outlook

The U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS) projects that the number of technologist jobs in radiology science will grow 9% from 2014-2024, which is faster than the average (www.bls.gov). Radiation therapists are expected to also see a 14% jump in employment opportunities during that time, per the BLS. While hospitals will continue to provide a large percentage of the employment opportunities available to the radiology science professional, diagnostic centers, out-patient clinics, and even dentists' offices will have jobs available, contributing to the increase in the number of open positions. The BLS reported that radiologic technologists earned a median salary of $56,670 and radiation therapists took home a median salary of $80,220 as of May 2015.

Alternative Career Options

Check out these other choices for careers in diagnostic imaging:

Nuclear Medicine Technologist

Nuclear medicine technologists conduct diagnostic imaging on patients to whom they've given radioactive drugs so that affected tissue is highlighted on the scanned image. They are responsible for patient care during the procedure, operation of the scanning machine, and maintenance of relevant records; scanned images are given to a physician for evaluation. Nuclear medicine technologists can get a job with at least an associate's degree in nuclear medicine technology. Those with a related degree in another field can complete a 1-year certificate program to meet common education requirements for employment. A license is required by some states; regulations and requirements vary by state. Professional certification is also available. Jobs for nuclear medicine technologists are expected to increase 2% from 2014-2024, per the BLS. The median salary of nuclear medicine technologists was $73,360 in 2015, according to the BLS.

Cardiac Sonographers

Cardiac sonographers, also called echocardiographers, create diagnostic images of the heart, called echocardiograms, with special instruments that use sound waves. A minimum of an associate's degree and professional certification is generally required for employment. The BLS predicts that jobs in this and related fields will increase 22% from 2014-2024. The BLS also reports that median pay for cardiac technologists and technicians, including cardiac sonographers, was $54,880 in 2015.


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