Respiratory specialists take care of patients who are having lung or cardiopulmonary disorders. These professionals typically hold at least an associate's degree and must also have licensure in CPR and other professional certifications, depending on what state they work in.
Respiratory specialists and therapists evaluate, treat and care for a wide range of patients who have breathing or cardiopulmonary disorders. To provide a considerable array of respiratory care, respiratory specialists must complete a state-mandated training program, the minimum of which is an accredited associate degree program. In addition, licensure is usually required.
|Required Education||At least an associate's degree in respiratory therapy|
|Other Requirements||Licensure and completion of CPR training typically necessary; drug test and background check may also be required|
|Projected Job Growth (2014-2024)*||12% for all respiratory therapists|
|Median Salary (2015)*||$57,790 for all respiratory therapists|
Source: *U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics
Respiratory Specialist Education Requirements
Most states regulate the respiratory therapy profession, requiring practitioners to complete an accredited degree program. Many entry-level academic programs in respiratory therapy or technology confer an associate degree, though universities across the U.S. also offer bachelor's and master's degree programs that could aid in career advancement. Courses typically include anatomy, physiology and cardiopulmonary studies. Students often receive hands-on training in patient diagnostics, therapeutic techniques and emergency response procedures through practical application in the classroom and supervised internships.
Many programs require or administer CPR certification training, and a student might need to submit to background and drug testing before enrolling. Programs often take two years or less to complete. Some schools include transfer options that allow graduates to earn a bachelor's degree with only two additional years of study. Some universities offer these bachelor's degree completion programs online to those with academic and practical experience in respiratory therapy.
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Respiratory Specialist Job Duties
Respiratory specialists are often employed in hospitals, but can also work at in-patient rehabilitation centers, long-term care facilities and private practices. Job responsibilities can vary depending on a professional's employer or specialty. Respiratory specialists could provide care to patients with chronic diseases, such as asthma and emphysema, or offer emergency care to heart attack, stroke, drowning or shock victims. In addition, respiratory specialists can also be assigned to care for patients on life support in intensive-care units of hospitals.
Under the supervision of a physician, respiratory specialists provide direct care for respiratory patients and monitor diagnostic procedures to evaluate a patient's lung capacity. Respiratory specialists might also perform oxygen therapy, ventilator support, blood gas analysis, electrocardiograph monitoring and cardiopulmonary resuscitation. In addition, respiratory specialists could perform in-home patient visits and equipment inspections. These professionals are also expected to disperse proper medication to patients and educate them on equipment usage in order to minimize risk of injury.
Employment Outlook and Salary Prospects
The U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS) reported a median salary of $57,790 for respiratory therapists in 2015. Employment opportunities for these professionals were predicted to increase 12% during the 2014-2024 decade, faster than the average for all occupations in the country. A growing elderly population with respiratory issues was expected to drive job growth during this time.
The healthcare industry is booming in terms of employment, and becoming a respiratory specialist is one of the more accessible positions in the field, with only an associate's degree required. Though multiple certifications may be necessary, the job outlook for respiratory therapists is above average from 2014-2024.