The field of public health is broad and offers many career options for people interested in strengthening the health of their communities, their country and the world. With a doctoral degree in this field, plus some practical experience, you can rise to a senior position in environmental science, health services or epidemiology.
A DrPH program prepares students for a wide range of leadership careers with academic and/or research institutions, private companies, nonprofits and health care organizations. Coursework in research methods, program evaluation, financial management and other areas provides skills for developing and running public health programs, conducting research and teaching. Degrees are sometimes conferred in sub-disciplines, such as epidemiology, health policy and international health.
|Career Titles||Epidemiologist||Environmental scientist & specialist||Medical & health services manager|
|Education Requirements||Master's degree or doctorate in public health||Bachelor's, master's or doctoral degree in a science-focused discipline||Bachelor's, master's or doctoral degree in public health, public administration or health services|
|Projected Job Growth (2018-2028)*||5%||8%||18%|
|Median Annual Salary (May 2018)*||$69,660||$71,130||$99,730|
Source: *U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics
Some graduates of Doctor of Public Health programs pursue internships or postgraduate fellowships to make the transition from student to working in the world of public health. Many go on to lead programs in state and local health departments, non-governmental organizations, health care institutions and universities. A sampling of a few of the most common fields in which DrPH graduates find employment is provided below.
Epidemiology is the study of disease and the ways it can be controlled or prevented. Individuals with a Doctor of Public Health in this area apply their leadership and analytic skills in public, private and academic settings, focusing on disease prevention. The U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics reported an annual mean wage of $75,690 for epidemiologists as of 2018 (www.bls.gov).
Environmental Health Scientists
Individuals employed in the area of environmental health sciences must have an understanding of behavioral and biomedical sciences and biostatistics as well as management and communication skills. These professionals work at the senior level to solve complex issues of environmental health. They work for governments, universities or nongovernmental organizations, formulating public health policy and interfacing with the public. Salaries in this area range from $42,520 or below for the lowest-paid 10% to upwards of $124,620 for the top 10%, according to 2018 findings by the BLS.
Medical and Health Services Managers
The field of health policy and management requires familiarity with financial and management practices. Individuals with a DrPH in this sub-discipline are prepared for leadership roles as health services managers, making decisions about medical and financial issues in hospitals and other health services delivery organizations. In May 2018, the BLS reported that medical and health services managers in the 90th percentile or higher earned $182,600 or more per year, whereas the bottom 10th percentile earned $58,680 or less per year.
Completing a doctorate and possibly an internship in public health can quality you to work in one of several health-related fields, such as a hospital, laboratory, university or government department. Salaries depend on the career area chosen, though most are above the average range.