Gynecologists address infertility, menstrual cycles and issues with reproductive organs. After finishing a bachelor's and medical degree, graduates must complete a residency program, for which they get paid, before they can work independently in the specialty.
Top U.S. Women's Health Schools with Residency Programs
These are some of the best medical schools for women's health in the country, according to U.S. News and World Report:
|Harvard University||Cambridge, MA||4-year, Private not-for-profit|
|University of California-San Francisco||San Francisco, CA||4-year, Public|
|John Hopkins University||Baltimore, MD||4-year, Private not-for-profit|
|University of Pittsburgh||Pittsburgh, PA||4-year, Public|
|Columbia University||New York, NY||4-year, Private not-for-profit|
|University of Pennsylvania (Perelman)||Philadelphia, PA||4-year, Private not-for-profit|
|University of Michigan-Ann Arbor||Ann Arbor, MI||4-year, Public|
|Stanford University||Stanford, CA||4-year, Private not-for-profit|
|Duke University||Durham, NC||4-year, Private not-for-profit|
|Northwestern University (Feinberg)||Evanston, IL||4-year, Private not-for-profit|
Sources: U.S. News and World Report, NCES and school websites
Program Selection Criteria
Keep these things in mind as you choose a gynecology residency program:
- When considering residency programs, individuals should look at the different hospitals or medical clinics involved in the clinical rotations since residents could benefit from programs that provide experience in a variety of settings.
- The residency curriculum should be aligned with the Accreditation Council for Graduate Medical Education (ACGME) guidelines to ensure the education and practices meet medical and ethical standards.
- Students interested in surgery may wish to look for a residency program that's involved in the Clinical Anatomy and Surgical Skills Training (CASST) program. Residents involved in these programs assist in actual surgical procedures and receive training in the classroom with cadavers.
- Aspiring gynecologists could also consider the level of responsibility given to residents in a given program. Some programs assign residents to their own clinic at a health center under the guidance of a licensed OB/GYN.
Admission to residency programs is extremely competitive and selective, especially among top schools. Residencies last four years under the guidance of experienced gynecologists, and responsibility within the discipline progresses as residents gain experience. Residents complete daily rounds with an attending physician, along with weekly lectures and meetings. As residents rotate around the department, they gain experience in obstetrics, gynecology, ultrasound and endocrinology. Some programs training in specific sub-specialties.
After finishing medical school, aspiring gynecology professionals can find a residency program that supports their specific career goals.