Seismology is one field that is expected to grow rather well over the next decade, specifically because an understanding of the earth's movements is useful for many industries, including the fuel industry. A bachelor's degree related to the field is a necessary start while a graduate degree may open more opportunities for jobs and advancement.
Seismologists are scientists who study earthquakes and planetary activities as well as their effects, such as tsunamis. They use instruments to gather data and monitor the Earth's crust. They usually work in offices or laboratories, but may travel to sites of seismic activity. A bachelor's degree in geophysics may be sufficient for some jobs, but other positions, such as in teaching or research, call for master's or doctoral degrees.
|Required Education||Bachelor's degree in geophysics or related field; graduate degrees required for many positions|
|Projected Job Growth (for geoscientists)||5% from 2019-29*|
|Median Salary (for geoscientists)||$93,580 (2020)*|
Source: * U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS).
Seismologists are geoscientists who study earthquakes and related phenomena, including the effects of explosions and the formation of tsunamis. These professionals gather data about shifts in the earth's crust through the use of seismographs and other instruments. While many seismologists are uncertain about the possibility of predicting earthquakes, their research has been instrumental in the development of such advances as tsunami warning systems.
Seismologists also study the structure and composition of the earth. Because of the way that earthquakes propagate, studying them is a non-invasive way to determine the composition and structure of the planet. Most of these professionals work in offices, in laboratories, and at research sites.
Salary Information and Employment Outlook
According to the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics, geoscientists earned a median annual income of $93,580 as of May 2020. Jobs in this field are expected to increase 5% from 2019-2029, which is faster than average. Growth is partially the result of upcoming expected retirements and the high cost of fossil fuels, which drives the cost-effectiveness of observational seismologists in the petroleum industry.
Seismologists may also work as university professors. In May 2020, atmospheric, earth, marine, and space science teachers were reported to have earned a median salary of $94,520, per the BLS. Job growth for postsecondary teachers is expected to be 9% between 2019 and 2029, which is much faster than average for all industries. This anticipated growth is largely attributed to increasing student enrollment.
Entry-level positions in seismology require a bachelor's degree or higher in geophysics or a related area, and more advanced roles may require a master's degree or a doctorate. For positions in the petroleum industry, a bachelor's degree is often sufficient, although a master's degree could be beneficial. Research roles, such as those at universities, almost always require a Ph.D., and competition for those jobs is often heavy.
Seismologists use technical equipment and research to understand movements in the earth's crust and predict possible earthquakes. Seismologists have a variety of career opportunities, such as working for the oil and gas industry, the government, in academia or for scientific consultant firms, and they can earn a median salary of nearly $91,000. Seismologists need at least a bachelor's degree, but university teaching positions usually require a graduate degree.