While most online classes are self-paced to some extent, a few, mostly non-credit courses, allow students to complete the programs entirely on their own schedules. Here, we'll look at the various formats for self-paced programs and examine their requirements.
In some ways, most online classes are self-paced because they allow distance learners to log on to a virtual classroom and access course materials at any time that fits their schedules. However, there are differences in how online courses are delivered and completed.
Continuing education or non-credit classes and programs offered virtually are more likely to have more extensive self-paced components than for-credit programs. Students may not have any set times they have to log in, complete assessments or participate in class discussions. Instead, the school might give them access to required learning materials and give a deadline for when all work has to be finished.
This is in contrast to other virtual classes typically found in for-credit degree or certificate programs, which require students to complete assignments, take tests and engage in discussions based on a strict schedule of due dates. These are designed to be similar to traditional, on-campus classes.
Online Learning Methods
Students either receive assignments via email or access them through a designated online learning portal - which is commonly located on their school's website. Although learners may need to purchase textbooks independently, supplemental reading material is also usually posted online. Students may need to download PDFs or play streaming videos, and some media requires the use of specific software and extensions.
Assignments and tests may be emailed to the professor or submitted through the learning portal directly. Some assignments can be turned in at students' discretion, but exams are usually due by a certain date and may even need to be taken live with a remote proctor or at an approved location in the student's area.
Students communicate not only with instructors but also with their peers. Addressing either an individual or group, they may asynchronously post to discussion boards or send e-mails. In real time, they may send instant messages or participate in scheduled chats. Web cams are also used along with software such as Skype to facilitate live, face-to-face discussions.
Technological requirements vary widely according to field of study; for example, a sound engineer may need to have specific music editing software while an accountant may need to purchase QuickBooks. However, all students must have an:
- Up-to-date computer with high-speed Internet connectivity
- A current version of a Web browser, such as Internet Explorer or Firefox
- Web cams
Self-paced learning is usually allowed in non-credit online courses, and, while individual lessons are done at the student's convenience, the entire course often must be completed by a deadline. Students must ensure they meet technology requirements.