By examining the different layers of rock and minerals in the ground, soil scientists are able to determine which crops will grow best in that particular area and how much the land can sustain. A bachelor's degree and state licensing is required for employment.
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Soil scientists work in several industries, but one of the most common duties of this occupation includes analyzing soil samples for minerals, contaminants or other characteristics. Soil scientists examine sediment, rock, and mineral layers to determine, for example, what crops the land can support, how much livestock an area can feed or the affects of soil treatments. Soil science careers require a bachelor's degree at minimum and, in some cases, state licensure and professional certification.
|Required Education||Bachelor's degree for entry-level work; graduate degree for career advancement|
|Licensure and Certification||Licensure is required in some states; voluntary certification is available|
|Projected Job Growth (2014-2024)*||5% for agricultural and food scientists|
|Mean Salary (2015)*||$65,980|
Source: *U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics
According to the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics, the career outlook for soil scientists is expected to be average for the period 2014-2024; employment is predicted to increase 5% for agricultural and food scientists. The mean annual salary was $65,980 in 2015. The top-paying industry for soil and plant scientists was management of companies and enterprises, where they earned an average salary of $84,890, and followed by the federal government, where they earned $81,950. The greatest number of jobs was located in Iowa, California, North Carolina, Nebraska, and Texas.
A bachelor's degree is the typical minimum requirement for employment, with a curriculum that includes subjects like chemistry and biology. Students can also expect to learn about the chemistry of soil, the physiology of vegetation, and bugs. Depending on the specific career specialty desired, additional coursework could include relevant subjects, like business. Students who pursue a graduate degree for career advancement typically undertake a more specialized curriculum as well as more advanced lab work where they can cultivate research, observation, and math skills.
Soil scientists can earn voluntary certification through the Soil Society of America. There are two credentialing options: soil science and soil classification. Taking a test is required to earn certification, and certification must be renewed periodically.
Soil scientists can find positions in a number of industries, and most positions only require a bachelor's degree and state licensing. Their most common duty involves analyzing soil samples for agricultural or grazing purposes. Certifications are available through the Soil Science Society of America for those who wish to advance in their careers.