Systems pharmacologists research the effects of drugs on the entire organism, either a human or animal. These positions require a Ph.D or M.D. degree as well as additional training. Pharmacologists have a median annual salary around $100,000.
Systems pharmacology is a new area of research which seeks to understand how drugs work at a systemic level - that of an entire organism - rather than looking at their effects on a specific cellular or molecular level. Systems pharmacologists use their research to develop new drugs and further study the effects of old drugs. This position requires a doctoral degree and demands a deep understanding of many areas of natural science.
|Required Education||Ph.D. or M.D.|
|Post-Grad Positions||Those with their Ph.D.s should consider research positions in research labs; those with M.D.s should consider residencies in medical science programs|
|Projected Job Growth (2018-2028)||8% (for medical scientists, except epidemiologists)*|
|Median Salary (2019)||$100,160 (for all pharmacologists)**|
Source: *U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics, **PayScale.com
Systems pharmacologists research how drugs affect the systems they're put into (people or animals). System-wide studies require expertise from many different natural science disciplines, such as molecular biology, physiology, cell biology, computational biology, and biochemistry.
The purpose of the research is to develop models that can predict drug effects in a system and use those models to either develop new drugs or find new applications for existing drugs. Scientists doing research in systems pharmacology work in laboratories, clinics, or on computers to obtain data for or create systemic models.
Researchers employed in private industry interface with non-scientific members of the company and do research based on the company's business concerns. Researchers working in academia have more independence regarding their research focus but must obtain outside funding from grants to pay for their research. Academic researchers are typically required to teach classes.
Systems pharmacologists working in academia have similar job duties to other researchers working in an academic setting. They write and submit grant proposals to obtain funding for research and manage and advise the students and postgraduate researchers working in their lab. They write or edit papers written by their students and submit them to academic journals for publishing and they teach classes.
They may also have administrative duties at the university or institution where they work, depending on their level of seniority. These include activities such as participating in curricular development, academic committees, and hiring committees.
Systems pharmacologists employed by private industry make regular reports to the company regarding their research progress. They perform research specific to the needs and goals of their companies.
Becoming a systems pharmacologist requires a doctoral degree. This can be a Ph.D. or an M.D. Since systems pharmacology is such an integrated science, a Ph.D. degree in a variety of scientific disciplines can be applied to this career, including computational biology, computer science, applied mathematics, molecular biology, biochemistry, cell biology, and others. After obtaining a Ph.D., those looking for a career in systems pharmacology can look for a postdoctoral position in a lab where that is a research interest.
Those interested in the M.D. path should look for a residency program in immunology, internal medicine, medical genetics, or pathology. On completion of the residency, they may obtain certification for their specialization and look for clinical research opportunities.
Salary Info and Job Outlook
According to PayScale.com, all types of pharmacologists n the 90th percentile or higher earned $131,000 or more per year, whereas the bottom 10th percentile earned $58,000 or less per year, in 2019. The U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS, www.bls.gov) indicated that the employment of all medical scientists, except epidemiologists, is projected to increase faster than average between 2018 and 2028.
Systems pharmacologists seeking a medical path pursue a residency in this field after completing an M.D., while those pursuing a scientific or academic path pursue a lab position after completing a Ph.D. degree. Certification is available for those on an M.D. path. The outlook for medical science positions is about average for all jobs.