TV news editors can have a range of job titles, such as a broadcast news analyst, an assignment editor, or a video editor, all of which are discussed in detail here. To work in the television industry, some form of postsecondary training in a related field is often required.
Television news jobs generally require a degree, especially in larger markets. Smaller markets may offer entry-level jobs or internships to high school students, college students or recent high school graduates. Aspiring TV news editors might major in communications or journalism. Students should look for programs accredited by the Accrediting Council on Education in Journalism and Mass Communication.
Film and video editors typically have postsecondary training through colleges and universities, film or photographic institutes, or technical schools. In their postsecondary training, film and video editors study media, computers and electronics, the English language, the fine arts and basic business.
|Career||Broadcast News Analysts||Assignment Editors||Film and Video Editors|
|Education Requirements||Bachelor's Degree||Bachelor's Degree||Postsecondary training|
|Projected Job Growth (2018-2028)||1%*||-3% (for all editors)*||14%*|
|Mean Annual Salary (2018)||$91,990*||$69,480*||$86,830*|
Source: *U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics
TV news editors are important to many television stations that rely on up-to-the-minute news for viewers. All TV news editors require creativity, the ability to work well with others and organizational skills. Broadcast news analysts and other TV news editors need social perceptiveness and knowledge of law and government. There are several editing positions within a television news crew, including news writers and broadcast news analysts, assignment editors and film editors.
News Writers and Broadcast News Analysts
News writers and broadcast news analysts may have news editing responsibilities. News writers compose and edit their stories based on reports from correspondents or reporters. Broadcast news analysts select the most pertinent and interesting material to present and edit it for content and time. The U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS) reported that the number of broadcast news analyst positions would grow 1% from 2018-2028. These professionals earned an average salary of $91,990 yearly in May 2018.
Assignment editors are responsible for assigning stories to reporters. They send teams of reporters, camera operators and other support staff on location to film breaking news as necessary. The BLS reported that the number of general editing positions was predicted to decline by 3% from 2018-2028. Editors made a mean annual wage of $69,480 in May 2018.
Film and Video Editors
Film and video editors edit soundtracks, film and video. They construct a finished film clip from many different shots, often done on a computer. They may work for local television affiliates, cable and television networks or independent production companies. Film and video editors may edit their footage according to a script given to them by producers or others involved in production. They trim film segments to run in an allotted amount of time. They edit audio and visual effects. They check the finished product for continuity and smoothness.
Electronic news-gathering operators (ENGs) gather news on location and edit the raw footage on the spot. They travel frequently, often stay on location for long periods of time, work long hours and may have to travel on short notice. Film and video editors could expect to see an 14% growth in employment opportunities from 2018-2028, reported the BLS, which is faster than average. These workers took in an average of $86,830 per year in May 2018.
While job growth, according to the BLS, is projected to decline significantly for broadcast news analysts and general editors between 2018 and 2028, film and video editors might see a rise in employment opportunities during this same period. To work in any of these TV news positions, editors should be creative and have a solid understanding of current issues.