The Job Hunt From A to Z

A lagging economy has led to many people being out of work or underemployed for a long period of time. According to a recent survey, though, 42 percent of American companies plan to hire additional workers in the next six months. Here are some terms for getting into the job hunting frame of mind.

By Douglas J. Fehlen

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While many job postings require that applicants submit a cover letter and resume (see below), some firms also ask that individuals fill out employment applications. These forms are typically used to gather standard personal information about an applicant.

Career Branding

In this age of marketing, individuals on the job hunt must do everything they can to proactively promote themselves. Use personal encounters, community experiences and social media platforms to position yourself as a qualified expert who has a lot to offer potential employers in your career field.

Career Change

As economists and politicians tend to repeat these days, a lot of jobs lost in recent years are not coming back. Getting back to full-time employment may require a career change. Healthcare and information technology are among the job areas expected to show the most growth.

Cover Letter

Cover letters represent an excellent opportunity for you to show potential employers who you are while demonstrating an understanding of the business they're in. Accompanying your resume, cover letters should be uniquely crafted for each position for which you apply.


Generations of recent college grads have been stymied while applying at companies looking to hire people with experience. Internships are a way to get on-the-job training so your next interview doesn't end with the dreaded, 'You don't have any experience.' You may also be able to find a mentor willing to help as you work to build your career.


Getting a job interview can be difficult given the massive number of job seekers applying for most positions, so it's not surprising this meeting with potential employers produces such anxiety in applicants. By being prepared and exuding confidence, though, you can use this forum to rise above the rest.

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This social networking website for professionals is an ideal place to market yourself and connect with people who may be able to help in your job search. Create a profile and network with others to bring your job search into the 21st century.


Most jobs are never advertised, which means you must find out about them in other ways. Networking is an effective way to expand the reach of your search. People aware that you're looking for work can refer you for positions about which they're in the know. They can also serve as professional references.


The resume is that all-important tool you hand over to potential employers in the hope it will secure you a job interview. It may be necessary for you to have multiple versions for different positions. Some companies may request a curriculum vitae (CV), a longer document providing more detail about your education and work experience.


While companies are planning to hire in greater numbers in 2011, many will go the route of bringing on temporary workers. Finding an agency that's placing people in temp positions can be a way to get your foot in the door and impress your way into a full-time position.


Staying active is important for job seekers, especially when job prospects can be so dispiriting. By volunteering in the community, you'll be getting out and meeting with others who might be great professional resources. You could even get hired at the place at which you're volunteering.


Showing enthusiasm and an eagerness to fully understand the ins and outs of a position can go a long way toward impressing an interviewer during the hiring process. Even if you've been discouraged at points during your job search, stay upbeat and optimistic. The right opportunity for you is out there!

Not yet sure which career you want to pursue? Don't miss these ten questions to ask yourself when choosing a career.

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