Truck Driver: Employment Info & Career Requirements

Sep 15, 2019

Truck Driver Qualifications

A truck driver primarily hauls freight from one location to another. They operate and perform general maintenance on trucks, maintain logs of driving times, and deliver and pick up shipments. A truck driver may or may not load freight onto trucks, depending on their job description and union regulations. They may transport materials to destinations within a state or deliver goods between states. A truck driver must comply with federal rules and regulations as established by the U.S. Department of Transportation ( as well as individual state laws. These professionals may be employed by manufacturing companies to deliver their products to stores or warehouses or by freight companies contracted to carry freight for clients. Alternately, they may be self-employed as business owners or operators and work on a contractual basis.

Education Commercial driver's license, completion of a driving skills and safety course, special license endorsements, and preferably possession of a high school diploma
Job Skills Good communication, customer service, judgment skills, excellent hearing and vision, ability to sit for long periods of time
Mean Salary (May 2018)* $45,570 (heavy and tractor-trailer truck drivers)
Job Growth (2018-2028)* 5% (heavy and tractor-trailer truck drivers)

Source: *United States Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS)

What Do You Need to Be a Truck Driver?

Truck Driver School Requirements

No formal education is needed to become a truck driver, though a high school diploma is often preferred. Completion of a training course at an accredited truck driving school is helpful. A truck driver must obtain a commercial driver's license (CDL). Some states require completion of a truck driving skills and safety course before issuing a CDL. In some cases, special license endorsements are needed, such as air brakes endorsement or hazardous material (HAZMAT) endorsement. Employer training programs may also need to be completed.

Truck Driver Skills

A truck driver should possess good communication, customer service, and judgment skills. A truck driver must have excellent hearing and vision and be in good physical condition, especially if their job requires loading and unloading freight. They must have the ability to sit for long periods of time and adapt to changes in driving conditions.

Career and Economic Outlook

According to the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS), job growth for truck drivers is expected to be 5% from 2018 through 2028. With truck transportation of goods remaining the most popular method of delivery, demand for truck drivers should remain about average, though harder economic times might impact opportunities as manufacturers choose to produce and ship fewer products. The average pay for a truck driver varies depending on miles traveled, experience, and type of truck operated; the mean annual wage for truck drivers was reported as $45,570 in May 2018 by the BLS. Self-employed truck drivers may earn higher wages.

Alternative Career Options

Individuals interested in operating large motor vehicles on a more local level may be interested in the following careers:

Delivery Truck Driver

A high school diploma is the minimum education to become a delivery truck driver. For the 2018-2028 reporting period, the BLS predicted a 2% rise in jobs for these workers. Light truck and delivery services drivers had a mean salary of $36,920 in 2018.

Bus Driver

Along with a commercial driver's license and a high school diploma, bus drivers usually complete a short training program and must meet vision and hearing standards. An average employment rise of 5% was reported for bus drivers in general between 2018 and 2028, based on BLS information. During the same decade, those working as school or special client bus drivers will see a 4% increase and transit and intercity bus drivers will see a 6% increase. BLS data from 2018 showed that on average, school bus drivers earned an annual income of $33,390, and transit bus drivers made an average salary of $44,650.

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