What Can You Do With A Bachelor of Science Degree?

Jan 07, 2021

A bachelor of science degree program is widely available at four-year schools and emphasizes coursework in the sciences over coursework in the liberal arts. The degree can serve as a foundation for a variety of careers.

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A bachelor of science degree opens the door to a vast number of career fields, such as technology, business, and education. Here we discuss a few job options, including software engineers, chief financial officers and service consultants, and their undergraduate degree requirements.

What Is a Bachelor of Science Degree?

What is bachelor of science? Unlike students who get a BA science (BS science), students focus more on math and science classes.

A bachelor's degree is a four-year degree obtained from a college or university. It demonstrates that a recipient has studied a specific field, called a major, and learned enough to earn a degree in that subject. Additionally, bachelor's degrees often require general education classes that all students must take, regardless of major.

Bachelor's degrees come in two different types: bachelor of science and bachelor of arts. Bachelor of science (B.S.) degrees focus on providing practical, job-oriented skills in a science or math related field. These degrees typically require numerous science and math courses and fewer arts and languages courses. A bachelor of arts (B.A) degree, in contrast, focuses on providing a liberal arts education in which students become well-rounded in arts and languages and can explore their interests. B.S. degrees are generally offered for majors like biology, math, engineering, and other sciences, whereas B.A. degrees are generally offered for language and arts majors. Some fields, like psychology, may offer both B.S. and B.A. degrees.

The table below summarizes the key information about bachelor's degrees.

B.S. B.A.
Years to Complete 4 4
Fields of Study Math and science Language and arts
Common Majors Biology, Engineering, Math, Physics Music, Creative Writing, Journalism, English

Potential Careers for Bachelor's of Science Graduates

Students interested in earning a bachelor of science degree can choose from a number of majors that focus on the sciences, mathematics, or technology. With so many options in these areas of study, graduates can expect to choose from a similarly diverse range of professional fields to work in such as:

  • Healthcare
  • Finance
  • Biology
  • Chemistry
  • Forensic sciences
  • Consulting
  • Engineering
  • Education
  • Computer programming

What Jobs Can You Get with a Bachelor of Science?

Because so many different jobs can be pursued by graduates, salaries vary widely within and across occupational fields. That said, three examples of high-paying positions one could obtain with a B.S. degree are senior software engineer, chief financial officer and senior professional service consultant.

Senior Software Engineer

A senior software engineer is in charge of a team that designs, constructs, tests and maintains software systems. He or she also trains employees on new products and solves any technical problems. These engineers are proficient in programming and should possess strong coding skills. Employers expect software engineers to keep abreast of the latest technology by pursuing continuing education opportunities. Some of these professionals have a master's degree, but many attain this position with a bachelor's degree in software engineering, computer science, or possibly even math.

According to the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS), software engineers earned an annual median salary of $107,510 as of May 2019.

Chief Financial Officer

Chief financial officers, or CFOs, work within financial institutions of some kind like a bank, credit union or investment firm. A bachelor's degree in finance, accounting, economics or business administration is the minimum education for work as a CFO, but many pursue graduate degrees in a related field. This executive position is responsible for:

  • Financial decisions
  • Examining risks
  • Setting budgets
  • Reporting financial developments
  • Supervising investments

The median salary for CFOs was $129,890, according to May 2019 BLS data.

Senior Professional Service Consultant

Senior professional service consultants interact with clients before and after a sale. The professionals train their clients in the implementation and operation of a product and conduct any ongoing assistance as needed. Consultants need to have excellent communication skills and the ability to learn the function of new products quickly.

These consultants typically need a bachelor's degree in a field befitting the company they work for. For example, a tech company will want to hire consultants that have degrees in fields such as information systems, computer science, engineering or another technology-related field. Some employers may prefer a graduate degree.

The U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics reports that professional service consultants, referred to as management analysts, earned a median salary of $85,260 a year based on May 2019 data, and this salary increased to $154,310 for the highest earning 10% of these professionals.

Bachelor of Science Jobs List

The table below lists some other bachelor of science degree jobs. Read on to learn about salary information and job outlook for numerous bachelor of science career paths.

Career Median Annual Salary (May 2019) Job Outlook (2019-2029)
Software Engineer $107,510 22% growth
Chief Financial Officer $129,890 15% growth
Professional Service Consultant $85,260 11% growth
Aerospace Engineer $116,500 3% growth
Computer Engineer $117,220 2% growth
Actuary $108,350 18% growth
Marketing Manager $135,900 9% growth
Human Resources Manager $116,720 6% growth
Sales Manager $126,640 6% growth
Chemical Engineer $108,770 4% growth

Source: U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics

Although software engineers, financial officers, and professional service consultants have different job duties and educational backgrounds, they all typically need a bachelor's degree to land positions in their industries. It's clear that a wide range of other career fields, from chemistry to healthcare and beyond, require professionals with bachelor of science degrees

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