A manual machinist uses tools and machine equipment to create any number of items, such as parts for an airplane or bed springs. To perform their duties they need to operate computers and equipment, and be able to read and follow blueprints and other specification sheets.
Manual machinists are skilled, dexterous individuals who drill, cut and shape items both manually and with machine tools. Working in industrial shops or plants with blueprints and specifications, machinists produce anything from bed springs to auto parts.
No formal education is needed, since graduating high school or having a GED is enough. Classwork in drafting can help with reading blueprints; taking shop classes, where students might work with metal or wood, can develop manual aptitude. There are associate degree programs in vocational schools that can serve as training for machinists, but these workers learn by doing for the most part. Additionally, some of the skills that a manual machinist develops can come from time spent working as an apprentice.
|Required Education||High school diploma or GED|
|Projected Job Growth (2018-2028)||3% (for all machinists)*|
|Median Salary (2018)||$43,630 (for all machinists)*|
Source: *U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics
The 'manual' aspect of the career title implies the use of the hands, but ironically much of the work that manual machinists do is conducted on machines, which are often controlled by computer. Working with exacting precision is a large part of manual machinists' jobs. They are responsible for cutting, slicing, drilling and in some cases repairing the very machines that they work with. Other duties may include press-braking, roll-forming, finishing and stamping items. It is important for these technicians to follow specific protocols by reading blueprints and using computers on various types of machinery. Machinists must operate with care at all times. Safety is important when working with steel, glass and metal. Some of their work involves heat-processed or lubricated items as well, and the machines and parts they use can be heavy and dangerous. The types of machines that a manual machinist might use include:
- Machine mills
- Drill presses
- Stamping machines
While usually working in plants and machine shops, manual machinists can be employed in a variety of industries. Their services are often used in manufacturing processes for the following areas of specialty:
- Automotive parts
- Fabricated metal
- Air transportation and aerospace parts
- Machine shops for repair, service and retail
- Wood products
- Transportation equipment
Machinists earned an annual median salary of $43,630 in 2018, according to the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS). At that time, those working in the natural gas distribution industry earned the top wage. From 2018-2028, the BLS projected a slower-than-average employment growth of 3% for these workers, though the numbers will vary based on specialization.
Education and Skill Development
Manual machinists usually develop skills working with specific equipment, tools and shop machinery while enhancing their manual dexterity on the job.
Manual machinists who are thoroughly experienced can attain promotion or become specialized in an area like making tools and die, mold-making, maintenance machining or CNC programming. Manual machinists can gain certification through several professional associations, including the California Tooling & Machining Apprenticeship Association and the National Institute for Metalworking Skills.
Professional organizations like the Precision Metalforming Association, the National Tooling & Machining Association, Fabricators & Manufacturers Association International and the International Association of Machinists and Aerospace Workers can help industry workers, too. They help with training, development and education, networking, job searches and more. They can assist with finding and organizing a union. In some cases, these membership organizations also help businesses connect with workers and suppliers offering discounts.
Manual machinists need a high school diploma and hands-on work experience, and many of these professionals acquire necessary skills through an apprenticeship program. Experience can lead to advancement or specialization in this field, and professional organizations are available to assist with training and union membership. In general, machinists can expect to see a 3% increase in job opportunities through the year 2028.