Wildlife Manager: Job Description, Duties and Requirements

Sep 18, 2019

A wildlife manager requires some formal education. Learn about the degree programs, job duties and requirements to see if this is the right career for you.

Are you interested in a career where you'll get to work with animals and preserve their natural habitat? If that's what intrigues you, being a wildlife manager may be a terrific career choice. Overseeing research, dealing with problematic animals, and maintaining the land are some of the many duties a wildlife manager partakes in.

Essential Information

Many wildlife managers work for state and federal governments to handle public land. They supervise hunting on the land, keep track of the animal populations housed on these lands, and ensure that the habitat is suitable for the wildlife population. Some wildlife managers collect data and prepare research to aid in decisions about how to manage wildlife. A bachelor's degree in a relevant field is required, and many wildlife managers have graduate-level education.

Required Education Bachelor's degree in wildlife management or a related field
Projected Job Growth (2018-2028)* -2% (fishing and hunting workers)
Mean Salary (2018)* $57,710 (fish and game wardens)

Source: * U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS)

Wildlife Manager Duties

Wildlife managers take the necessary steps to keep animal populations well-maintained. When an animal is threatened, they work to preserve their habitat or food supply. They control nuisance animals. Many make sure that hunting is conducted in the healthiest way for the hunted animal's population. Since all of these duties have an impact on public and private land, wildlife managers educate the public and respond to requests for aid and information about an area's wildlife.

Wildlife manager jobs can be demanding because their duties are often conducted outdoors where they have to contend with the unreliability of wild animals. When animals are hurt or sick, they often turn aggressive, and wildlife managers have to be prepared to deal with such a scenario. Depending on the climate, the weather can pose an extra challenge as well.

Wildlife Manager Requirements

According to the BLS, the majority of jobs in the conservation sciences field, including wildlife management, are held with State or Federal government ( Whether a position is in the private or government sector, the education requirements are the same. Because of the knowledge needed to be successful as a wildlife manager, a bachelor's degree in an environmental or wildlife field, such as wildlife management, is required. Postgraduate study is helpful to those who wish to teach or conduct research. In addition to having a formal education, job candidates must be physically fit, with some positions requiring applicants to pass a physical fitness test.

Wildlife Manager Salary

The U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS) reported in 2018 that the majority of fish and game wardens at that time earned from $40,090 to $80,140 per year. BLS statistics for zoologists and wildlife biologists, a category that could also encompass some wildlife managers (especially those not employed by the government), reflected a general salary range of $40,290 to $102,830 per year in 2018.

As a wildlife manager, your job is monitor animals and preserve their habitats. This is a very physically demanding job, so you must be in good shape. A preference for the outdoors is also helpful, as that is where the work primarily takes place. A bachelor's degree in environmental studies or a related field is the minimum education required.

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