Bachelor of Science in Secondary Education: Major in Biological Science Programs

Nov 01, 2019

Overview of Bachelor of Science in Secondary Education: Biological Sciences Program

Biology is one of the STEM subjects that make up the core of a high school curriculum. It not only deals with basic medicinal science but also lays the foundation for studies in genetics, microbiology, ecology, and conservation. A Bachelor of Science in Secondary Education with a major in biological sciences equips you to teach this subject to high school students. Its curriculum includes a combination of biology and teaching method courses for students in grades 7 through 12. This degree can also serve as a ladder for further studies, like an M.S. or a Ph.D.

Admission Requirements for a Bachelor of Science in Secondary Education: Biological Sciences

The admission requirements for this program largely depend on the institution and the state in which the school is located. A high school diploma with a minimum GPA (or a GED) is the basic qualification; more prestigious and competitive schools require a higher GPA. Reputed schools also usually require college admission testing, such as the SAT or ACT.

Depending on the state, general knowledge assessments (such as the Praxis CORE) for teachers may be required for admission into a teacher education program. Students may also be required to successfully complete two years of general education prior to enrollment in the major.

Coursework for a Bachelor of Science in Secondary Education: Biological Sciences

The coursework for this program varies depending on the school you choose. However, some courses are relatively common across programs.

General Biology

Courses in general biology include studies in the classification of organisms, physiology of lifeforms, and cell structure. The theory of evolution and the chemical basis of life may also be discussed along with anatomical science. Lab components are often required.


A genetics course deals with the study of genes and the basics of genetic engineering. The science of inheritance, the working of chromosomes, selective evolution and population changes may be included in the course. Students might also explore the application of genetics to fields like medicine and evolution.


Ecology deals with the interaction of organisms with the environment. Topics of study include the science of adaptation, interspecific interactions, symbiosis and parasitic relations. The impact of humans on the environment may also be highlighted in this course.

Cell Biology

Cell biology, also known as microbiology or molecular biology, is the study of biology at the cellular level. This course features insights into the basic functions of the cells in living organisms. Topics may include cellular reproduction, metabolism, and relevant laboratory techniques.

Biology Teaching Methods

Courses related to teaching methods provide the knowledge, training and practice sessions for teaching biological principles. Students may learn how to analyze and prepare course content. Effective classroom teaching methods may also be discussed.

How to Choose a Bachelor of Science in Secondary Education: Biological Science Program

Make sure that the program is accredited and recognized. Most of these programs help you qualify for teaching licensure, which is provided by one's respective state department of education. However, some programs are not designed to lead to licensure. Teaching internships or co-ops are generally mandatory for programs that lead to teacher certification.

Careers Available for a Bachelor of Science in Secondary Education: Biological Science Program

Secondary education biological science programs prepare graduates to become licensed biology teachers for secondary school students. According to the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS), secondary school teachers made a median of $60,320 per year in 2018. The BLS also projected a 4% job growth during the 2018-2028 decade. Here are some of the options:

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