Career Options in History and Geography
History and geography are two subjects that complement each other well in several careers across different job fields. These careers vary in the historical subjects and time periods and geographic factors that they focus on. Find out about some of these jobs and how they combine history and geography in their own unique way.
|Job Title||Median Salary (2016)*||Job Growth (2016-2026)*|
|Park Naturalists||$61,810||7% (all types of conservation scientists)|
|Anthropologists and Archeologists||$63,190||3%|
Source: *U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics
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Career Information for Careers in History and Geography
Historians study various time periods, historical events or figures, ancient cultures and other topics by using historical documents, artifacts and other sources. Historians often find that geography plays a large role in history, such as physical land features impacting historical events like wars or geographical differences influencing cultures. Historians usually publish their findings in articles or books and may help museums and other historical sites present information to the public. They typically need a master's or doctoral degree to conduct research, but some entry-level jobs are available for those with a bachelor's degree.
Geographers study Earth and its various characteristics, including both physical and human geographic characteristics, which often involves examining the history of the land and cultures. They may also compare data and information collected throughout time via photographs, satellite images, maps and other sources. After analyzing this data, geographers update or modify maps and may display this data using Geographic Information Systems (GIS). These professionals need at least a bachelor's degree, but they'll likely need a master's degree for advanced positions in the field.
Economists often use historical data and trends over time to better understand the production and distribution of resources and goods in various parts of the world. They must also understand geography, since it often plays a role in these trends and greatly impacts local economies. Economists try to forecast market trends based on their analysis, which allows them to make suggestions for possible solutions to various economic issues and problems. Entry-level jobs are available for economists with a bachelor's degree, but most of these professionals need a master's or doctoral degree.
Park naturalists must know and present the geographic and historical features of their park to the park's visitors. They may do this through field trips, interpretive talks, tours or lectures and answer any questions that guests may have about the park. Some park naturalists may help develop educational programs for schools and provide additional visitor services, such as handling complaints. Park naturalists usually need a bachelor's degree.
Anthropologists and Archeologists
Anthropologists and archeologists must consider the history and geography of a region as they excavate and/or conduct additional research to learn about people in different parts of the world. They may focus their studies on a particular culture or language to learn more about the origin, behavior and development of a people. They often collect artifacts and conduct surveys or interviews, analyze their data and present their findings in reports that may be used to influence the cultural impact of policies. These scientists need fieldwork experience and a master's degree in their respective field, though leadership positions will require a Ph.D. Those with only a bachelor's may work as assistants.