Careers Involving Comparative Analysis

Jan 17, 2020

Many careers require comparing and contrasting of different things to evaluate them - in other words, utilizing comparative analysis. Learn about some of the possible occupations in both STEM fields and humanities that involve comparative analysis.

Career Options Involving Comparative Analysis

Comparative analysis is essentially examining and comparing two or more things, such as scientific processes or theories, historical figures and more. In this aspect, comparative analysis can be incorporated into a wide range of careers across different fields. Here, we have listed just a few of the possible career options involving comparative analysis.

Job Title Median Salary (2018)* Job Growth (2018-2028)*
Historians $61,140 6%
Civil Engineers $86,640 6%
Statisticians $87,780 31%
Physicists $120,950 9%
Sociologists $82,050 9%
Personal Finance Advisors $88,890 7%

Source: *U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics

Career Information for Careers Involving Comparative Analysis


Historians research and study different historical time periods, events and/or figures. They often use historical documents and artifacts to interpret the past, and present their findings in books, articles or presentations. Some historians may work with the public and provide educational programs at places like museums or historical sites. These professionals may use comparative analysis to compare and contrast people or events of the past with the present or other past events. For example, historians may research and compare the actions of different historical figures, the causes of different wars or compare past political decisions to current ones. Historians need a master's degree or Ph.D. to conduct research, but some entry-level jobs may only require a bachelor's degree.

Civil Engineers

Civil engineers design and oversee the construction of various forms of infrastructure, such as buildings, roads, bridges, dams and more. This involves detailed planning to estimate the cost, obtain the proper permits and ensure compliance with current regulations. During construction they may test different building materials to see what would work best. They are also usually responsible for any repairs and maintenance on these structures. Civil engineers may use comparative analysis during the cost estimation process, as well as when they are testing different building materials, to find the best materials for the project that are the most cost effective. Civil engineers that work with the public need at least a bachelor's degree and license.


Statisticians' primary responsibility is to analyze various kinds of data to solve problems. Statistics itself is a kind of math that utilizes comparative analysis, as it provides information to easily compare and contrast different sets of data. Statisticians may work in a range of fields, including business, science and healthcare to collect data through surveys, databases, polls and more. They analyze this data and report their findings, which are then used in the decision-making process by management to solve a particular problem. Most statisticians have a master's degree, but there are some jobs that only require a bachelor's degree, as well as some that require a Ph.D.


Physicists use comparative analysis to compare and test different theories and models in their field, in order to try and find the one that best supports what actually happens in the real world. Their work typically focuses on the interactions between matter and energy, and requires the use of sophisticated computer software and lab equipment. These scientists may be required to apply to grants for funding, and report their findings in scientific articles and complex reports. Most physicists in research have a Ph.D., but entry-level jobs are available for those with a bachelor's degree.


Sociologists utilize comparative analysis as they study, compare and contrast different organizations, social institutions, cultures and other aspects of societies. Their research focuses on social behavior and how people interact with one another. They obtain much of their data through observations, surveys and interviews, and then report their findings in papers and reports. Many sociologists choose to specialize in a particular social topic, such as education, poverty, gender, health, aging and others. Sociologists typically need a master's or Ph.D.

Personal Finance Advisors

Personal finance advisors work with clients to help them plan for short- and long-term financial goals and needs. This requires them to use comparative analysis to compare and contrast different investment opportunities, insurances, savings plans and more for their clients. Their work provides clients with multiple options and allows clients to choose the best one for their personal needs. Personal finance advisors need to be able to clearly explain the different options, as well as provide recommendations. They will also carefully monitor their clients' accounts and make adjustments as needed. Most of these professionals have a bachelor's degree. Advancement in the field may require a master's degree and/or certification.

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