## Career Options Involving Math and Physics

There are several science and engineering careers that closely tie math and physics together. Here we list a few of the possible career options that involve both math and physics.

Job Title | Median Salary (2016)* | Job Growth (2014-2024)* |
---|---|---|

Mathematicians | $105,810 | 21% |

Chemical Engineers | $98,340 | 2% |

Civil Engineers | $83,540 | 8% |

Physicists | $115,870 | 8% |

Biochemists and Biophysicists | $82,180 | 8% |

Aerospace Engineers | $109,650 | -2% |

*Source: *U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics*

## Career Information for Careers Involving Math and Physics

### Mathematicians

Mathematicians can work and apply various kinds of math to a large variety of fields, including physics. They may research and develop new or current mathematical principles and models that are then used to help prove or disprove theories in fields like science and engineering. They may also interpret and analyze data, create new mathematical concepts and more. Most mathematicians have a master's degree, but some jobs may be available for those with a bachelor's degree.

### Chemical Engineers

Chemical engineers use math and physics principles to solve problems in the manufacturing and production processes of various kinds of products. They closely monitor and test the use of chemicals in the production of things like fuel, drugs and food. They conduct research, develop new safety procedures and evaluate current equipment for improvements and maintenance. These professionals must have a bachelor's degree in the field, and practical experience is preferred.

### Civil Engineers

Civil engineers design and oversee different kinds of construction projects of our infrastructure. They must understand physics and apply practical math when developing plans for structures like bridges, roads, buildings and more to make them safe for people. They are also responsible for estimating project costs, testing building materials, and maintaining structures. They may be called in to evaluate and/or repair aging structures. Civil engineers need at least a bachelor's degree, but usually need a graduate degree and license for advancement or working with the public.

### Physicists

Physicists most clearly utilize physics, but almost all physics involves math in some way. These professionals may specialize in different areas of the field, such as studying the universe or how certain matter interacts with energy. They conduct very complex experiments to test theories, and use complex math to analyze the data. They may use computer models in their work, and present their findings in scientific papers and presentations. Physicists generally need a Ph.D. for research positions, but some government positions may only require a bachelor's degree.

### Biochemists and Biophysicists

Similar to physicists, biochemists and biophysicists use math and physics to analyze their work, but their work focuses on living things and processes. They may research and conduct experiments to isolate and analyze DNA, study diseases, explore cell development and more. They may also examine the effects of things like drugs or hormones on cells and biological processes. Biochemists and biophysicists must also present their findings in technical reports, papers and presentations. They usually need a Ph.D. to conduct research, but may find entry-level jobs with a bachelor's or master's degree.

### Aerospace Engineers

Aerospace engineers design and test a wide variety of flying structures, like missiles, aircrafts, spacecrafts and more. They must make complex mathematical calculations and use extensive knowledge of physics to ensure that these structures are safe and able to travel the way they are intended. Aerospace engineers closely evaluate their designs and ensure compliance with all quality standards. They must also troubleshoot and correct any problems that arise. These engineers need at least a bachelor's degree, and depending on the particular projects they work on, they may need special security clearance.