Career Options in Science & Technology
Working in science and technology can pull you in many different directions. Whether you want to perform research, solve crime, or design new instruments, there is a career to match your personal interests. Have a look at the examples below and see if you're a match for a new path in life involving science and technology!
|Job Title||Median Salary (2016)*||Job Growth (2014-2024)*|
|Forensic Science Technician||$56,750||27%|
|Computer and Information Research Scientist||$111,840||11%|
|Computer Hardware Engineer||$115,080||3%|
*Source: U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics
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Career Information for Science & Technology Jobs
Forensic Science Technician
Forensic science technicians typically work in one of two areas: a lab or in the field at crime scenes. Crime scene reconstruction can take place inside the lab setting, where technicians will look for links between criminal activity and potential suspects by using scientific analysis. At actual crime scenes, technicians take photographs, draw sketches, and record evidence to use in any investigation. A minimum of a bachelor's degree in a field like forensic science, biology or chemistry is generally required to become a forensic science technician.
Medical scientists participate in research that is meant to improve the quality of human life. They perform analyses inside labs to study and diagnose different diseases, determine the potency of different drugs, and establish partnerships with different health departments and groups of physicians. Scientists also draw up grant proposals to seek funding from governments as well as private sectors. A doctoral degree is required for work as a medical scientist, such as a Ph.D. in biology or a medical degree.
Those working in epidemiology examine the causes of injuries and disease in the human race. Much of their work is done in a lab setting, where they use samples from bodily fluids to determine the root cause of things like infectious disease, oral health problems, and occupational health issues. Epidemiologists can work for the government, universities, or in the private sector through insurance and pharmaceutical companies. A minimum of a master's degree is needed for a career in epidemiology; some prefer to obtain a Ph.D. or medical degree.
Studying organisms at the cellular level, microbiologists conduct multi-layered research to diagnose and treat illness or attempt to fight off types of infectious diseases. Microbiologists stay current with trends by continuously publishing their research in journals and speaking/presenting at conferences. Specific types of microbiologists include virologists, bacteriologists, public health microbiologists, and mycologists. A bachelor's degree is the minimum education needed for an entry-level job as a microbiologist, and anyone looking to do independent research usually needs a Ph.D.
Computer and Information Research Scientist
Scientists who work in computer and information research craft new theories to address issues pertaining to the world of computer science. Experiments can be designed to find out how well a given software system functions, and the results of these experiments are then analyzed. Some computer scientists end up creating entirely new programming languages, while others go on to work in robotics or data mining. A majority of jobs in computer and information research require a Ph.D., although a bachelor's degree in computer science might be acceptable for some positions with the federal government.
Computer Hardware Engineer
Computer hardware engineers are the designers of brand new hardware, and they can also test models of their designs before they are released to the public. They might even work on noncomputers devices that connect to the Internet, such as medical devices or online-enabled vehicles. They can perform programming in a hardware description language (HDL), a way of describing circuits contained in hardware. Aspiring hardware engineers need a bachelor's degree in computer engineering or a related field.