Civilian Career Options in the Military
Each branch of the military employs numerous civilians to work a wide variety of jobs in different fields that are critical to the military's success. Those in civilian positions for the military perform many of the same duties as one in their profession would outside of the military, but with the main goal being to serve our nation in some way, whether through increasing security, improving military health or more. Below are a few of the many civilian jobs available in the military.
|Job Title||Median Salary (2016)*||Job Growth (2014-2024)*|
|Human Resources Specialists||$59,180||5%|
|Physicians and Surgeons||$208,000 or more||14%|
|Aerospace Engineers||$109,650||-2% (Decline)|
|Information Security Analysts||$92,600||18%|
Source: *U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics
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Career Information for Civilian Jobs in the Military
The military utilizes civil engineers to help plan, build and maintain a wide variety of construction projects used for military purposes. These professionals may design and estimate costs for projects such as military bases, airports, bridges and more. Civil engineers also test construction materials to find the best materials for a project, and repair or replace any damaged structures. They are likely to need a license and need at least a bachelor's degree.
All branches of the military are likely to have a wide range of data that they have collected on various projects and studies, which can be put to use through the work of a statistician. Statisticians analyze data with statistical methods and apply their findings to solve problems the military may be facing. They may even help the military determine what data to collect and how to collect it and then make suggestions for the decision-making process based on their findings. Most statisticians need a master's or Ph.D., but some entry-level jobs may only require a bachelor's degree.
Human Resources Specialists
Since the military functions as a large organization with many employees, it is in need of human resources specialists to help recruit, hire and place workers. These specialists contact references to help screen potential candidates, and then interview and hire or refer the qualified ones. Human resources specialists also handle employment paperwork and records, and may help with employee orientations. They typically need a bachelor's degree.
Physicians and Surgeons
There will always be a need for medical professionals, such as physicians and surgeons, as long as the military is comprised of people who occasionally get injured and/or ill. Physicians and surgeons may specialize in a particular area of medicine to diagnose and treat illnesses and injuries with medicine, surgery and more. These professionals also record and update medical histories, answer patients' questions and discuss health topics with their patients. They must complete four years of medical school and three to seven years of residency after their undergraduate studies.
Aerospace engineers are especially utilized by the Air Force to help design military aircraft, such as helicopters and fighter jets, along with satellites, guidance systems and more. These engineers help the military determine if a particular project is even possible, and if so, they begin estimating costs, creating designs and checking for compliance with safety and quality standards. Aerospace engineers may also help troubleshoot or repair any damaged products or ones that are not working properly. These professionals need at least a bachelor's degree, and most likely will need special security clearance to work on military projects.
Information Security Analysts
Every branch of the military has the need to secure important, classified information on computer networks and systems, which is why they need information security analysts to work to ensure this information is kept safe. Information security analysts install security software and programs, and then look for security breaches in military networks. They also conduct tests to determine how to strengthen security, and may help determine various kinds of security standards and procedures. These analysts need at least a bachelor's degree.
The military may use chemists in a variety of ways, such as to test and study chemical weapons, ensure the quality of various chemical products and more. Chemists look at these substances at the atomic and molecular levels in complex research projects that are usually conducted by teams of chemists and lab technicians. Their research findings must be presented in detailed technical reports. Most chemists in research need a master's or Ph.D., but entry-level jobs may only require a bachelor's degree.