Military nurses carry the same roles and responsibilities as nurses working in the traditional healthcare environment. However, the nurses must acquire basic military skills besides normal nursing training to serve soldiers and to survive in a military environment. Below are a number of these nursing job titles.
|Job Title||Basic Pay Rate - Monthly (2017)*||Applicable Military Skills/Traits|
|Registered Nurses||$3,035 (O-1)||Ability to understand the physiology of military personnel|
|Advanced Practice Nurses||$3,035 (O-1)||Physical fitness requirements, advanced medical training|
|Nurse Midwives||$3,035 (O-1)||Specialized midwife training, ability to provide critical services in a military environment|
|Critical Care Nurses||$3,035 (O-1)||Critical care training, ability to provide critical services in an unstable environment|
|Nurse Anesthetists||$3,035 (O-1)||Advanced medical training, physical fitness for the military environment|
Overview of Nursing Jobs in the Coast Guard
Nursing careers are some of the most critical in the provision of care for military personnel. Each of the careers described below plays a special and critical role towards ensuring the wellness of Coast Guard personnel and of their families.
The Coast Guard's registered nurses perform roles similar to those of nurses working in a traditional healthcare setting, only that their location changes. A registered nurse of the Coast Guard will be found in hospital ships and in medical centers on base at the coast. The nurse provides medical care services to military personnel and their families, helping provide relief to patients undergoing treatment for diseases and injuries suffered in battle or in training. This is done by administering medication and offering advice or education on how to manage the conditions. A registered nurse working for the Coast Guard needs to graduate from an accredited nurse training program.
Advanced Practice Nurses
The military is known for providing outstanding healthcare to its troops with its highly trained medical team, among them the advanced practice nurses. An advanced practice nurse is a highly educated nurse who is qualified to provide direct care to a patient without necessitating direction and instruction from a physician or other similar specialist. The nurse can diagnose diseases, prescribe medication, conduct health assessments and deliver other treatments that a registered nurse is not qualified to do. These nurses obtain their skills and knowledge through specialization. In the Coast Guard military branch, advanced practice nurses care for patients onboard ships and in mobile hospitals at the beach.
Coast Guard personnel living with their families on base require maternity services, and nurse midwives are hired to help coordinate activities during the birthing process. These nurses care for mothers and their infants, and may provide gynecological services for military personnel and their families. The role of a nurse midwife involves handling persons in critical conditions and therefore needs specialized graduate training from an accredited institution. Some situations may call for the nurses to perform special tasks like administering anesthesia and performing cardiopulmonary resuscitation, and this too needs special training and experience.
Critical Care Nurses
The nature of the job in the military guarantees that personnel will need special and critical care after catching illnesses in different unfamiliar environments or suffering injuries during battle or training. The Coast Guard hires critical care nurses to care for personnel who need careful monitoring and attention. These nurses have received specialized education and training to provide critical life-supporting services like providing feeding and breathing assistance, dressing wound and burns, treating chemical or nuclear-related injuries and other similar conditions. Typically, these nurses work in the Coast Guard's healthcare facilities on-board ships or at the coast. However, their services are also needed in aircraft when transferring patients to healthcare facilities on land.
As part of the medical team, nurse anesthetists administer anesthesia to patients going through surgery or other invasive procedures, and monitor their response throughout the operation. They also monitor the patient after the operation to determine how a patient recovers from surgery. Nurse anesthetists, therefore, work alongside physicians, surgeons and dentists to ensure the patient's comfort during the procedure. A nurse anesthetist starts as a registered nurse before specializing in higher education to learn about anesthesia. They must also learn the specifics of nursing patients in a military environment.