Progression in the Career of a Computer Systems Analyst
In the position of computer systems analyst, one looks at a company's current computer system and makes suggestions to increase efficiency and encryption, as well as incorporates any new technology that will help improve the system. This job is conducive to many opportunities within the information technology (IT) field. Positions where one is involved with designing new technologies and implementing new systems, as well as management jobs, are available to computer systems analysts looking for a change. Many of these jobs require only the original bachelor's degree, typically in computer science or a related field; however, a master's degree is often preferred.
|Job Title||Median Salary (2017)*||Job Growth (2016-2026)*||Additional Education, Skills, or Experience|
|Software Developer||$103,560||24%||Computer programming skills|
|Computer Network Architect||$104,650||6%||Related work experience|
|Computer and Information Research Scientist||$114,520||19%||Master's degree|
|Computer and Information Systems Manager||$139,220||12%||Related work experience|
Source: *U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics
Individuals who work as software developers do the work to create the concept of a program before the code has even been written. They design apps and systems, and then pass these designs off to coders, who write the code to make them reality. A thorough knowledge of code is a requisite for this position because a software developer's programs need to work not just in theory but in application. Some employers prefer candidates who have earned a master's degree, as well.
Computer Network Architect
Computer network architects are responsible for building data communication networks. These networks come in three types: local area networks (LANS), wide area networks (WANS), and Intranets. Those in this position are involved in all aspects of the design process of these networks, from conceptualization to deployment. They also conduct ongoing research into the latest methods of data sharing and upgrade hardware as needed. A Master of Business Administration (MBA) in information systems isn't required, but can be quite useful for applicants.
Computer and Information Research Scientist
Those who choose this career path exercise a greater level of creativity than other types of IT personnel. The job of a computer and information research scientist is to invent, design, and troubleshoot computing technologies. They typically utilize complicated algorithms and often work in the realm of the theoretical. Examples of research areas that those in this job can specialize in include data science, robotics, and programming. To work as a computer and information research scientist, a master's degree in computer programming or a related field is needed. These programs typically take 2 to 3 years to complete.
Computer and Information Systems Manager
Individuals who hold this management position are responsible for overseeing the technological aspects of an organization. They plan how the IT department is laid out, oversee the daily operations of that department, strategize ways to cut computer costs, plan, and budget upgrades to the company's technology. There are varying levels of authority that all fall under the title of computer and information systems manager. Chief information officers and chief technology officers are both very high level positions, and IT directors or IT security managers are under their command while still being computer and information systems managers. Although not required, many people in this career have a master's degree, often a Master of Business Administration (MBA). Prior work experience in the IT field is also critical to advancing into this position.