Difference Between Gynecologist & Endocrinologist

Ever been confused by the roles of gynecologists and endocrinologists? While both apply their knowledge to treating infertility, gynecologists provide healthcare to all aspects of female reproduction, as endocrinologists focus on disorders of the endocrine system and the issues that arise from hormone imbalances.

View Popular Schools

Comparing Gynecologists to Endocrinologists

Gynecologists and endocrinologists are both medical doctors who may treat issues regarding fertility. Gynecologists treat all aspects of female health and the reproductive system, while endocrinologists treat issues regarding the endocrine system of the human body. Some endocrinologists focus on infertility as it relates to the endocrine system of the body. Other similarities and differences are further explored below.

Job Title Education Requirements Median Salary (2017)* Job Growth (2014-2024)**
Gynecologist Bachelor's degree; medical school program; 3-7 year residency $204,981 (for all gynecologists and obstetricians) 18% (for all gynecologists and obstetricians)
Endocrinologist Bachelor's degree; medical school program; 3-7 year residency $190,168 14% (for all physicians and surgeons)

Source: *Payscale.Com, **U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics

Responsibilities of Gynecologists vs. Endocrinologists

Gynecologists and endocrinologists each focus on specific systems in the human body. Job responsibilities for these two professionals don't commonly overlap; however, reproductive endocrinologists and gynecologists both treat problems concerning infertility. Reproductive endocrinologists are gynecologists who specialize in how hormonal issues may affect fertility.

Gynecologists treat every aspect of the female reproductive system. This includes health promotion, patient assessment, and treatment. Endocrinologists are specialists that treat issues of the body's endocrine system. Endocrinologists treat common issues of the endocrine system, including diabetes, thyroid problems, and osteoporosis.


A gynecologist, also known as an OB/GYN, provides healthcare of the reproductive system to women throughout their lives. Gynecologists assess, diagnose, and treat issues regarding pregnancy, reproductive systems, and general female health. These doctors must be adept at gynecological procedures, such as cesarean sections. The general training path to become a gynecologist is a 4-year undergraduate degree, a 3-year medical school program, and a 3-7 year residency program. These specialists must continue to study throughout their careers, as yearly licensing and certification is required.

Job responsibilities of a gynecologist include:

  • Provide prenatal, natal, and postpartum treatment to both mothers and fetuses
  • Focus on preventive care of patients, such as diet, hygiene, and exercise
  • Maintain knowledge of pregnancy and fertility conditions and treatment
  • Attend deliveries and assist when needed


The endocrine system, which includes the pancreas and thyroid glands, regulates hormones and controls some processes in the human body. Doctors that diagnose and treat problems of the endocrine system in an effort to fix hormonal imbalances and disorders are referred to as endocrinologists. These doctors work with their patients to control the production of enzymes and hormones. To become an endocrinologist you must complete an undergraduate degree, medical school, and a residency program before becoming certified in the field. These specialists tend to work during normal business hours in a lab or hospital setting.

Job responsibilities of an endocrinologist include:

  • Take referrals from primary care physicians and work with other doctors to provide appropriate treatment
  • Communicate with patients to form a proper diagnosis and convey the most effective plan of treatment
  • Be familiar with common disorders of the endocrine systems, such as diabetes and thyroid issues
  • Understand and convey the relationship between the endocrine system and fertility

Related Careers

Interested in other areas that involve working in fertility, prenatal, and natal care? Midwife and nurse practitioner are just two of the options that are available.

Salary and Career Info for a Midwife Nurse with a Masters Degree

Advanced Registered Nurse Practitioner: Job Description & Requirements

Next: View Schools

Popular Schools

The listings below may include sponsored content but are popular choices among our users.

Find your perfect school

What is your highest level of education?