Difference Between Gynecologist & Urologist

May 29, 2020

Comparing Gynecologist to Urologist

Gynecologists and urologists examine patients, determine diagnoses, and prescribe treatment options accordingly. While both professions are very similar in terms of required medical knowledge, both draw upon specialized knowledge as they relate to female and male urinary and reproductive systems. Urologists focus on the organs involved in urination and the male reproductive organs, while gynecologists specialize in diagnosing and treating women's reproductive and health issues.

Job Title Educational Requirements Median Salary Job Outlook* (2018-2028)
Gynecologist Medical Degree; License equal or greater than $208,000 for Obstectrics/Gynecology (2019)* 2% for Obstectrics/Gynecology
Urologist Medical Degree; License $338,760 for Urologists (2020)** 8% for Physicians and Surgeons, all other

Source: *U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics, **PayScale

Responsibilities of Gynecologist vs Urologist

The general duties gynecologists and urologists perform are similar. As part of their regular duties they'll assess patients, review test results, prescribe medication and diagnose their patients. The primary difference between these professions are associated with the specific type of medical issues they treat. Gynecologists treat reproductive issues for female patients. Similar to gynecologists, urologists may also treat reproductive issues, though only those concerning male patients; they may also treat both men or women with urinary system problems.


Gynecologists are required to have a medical degree and a medical license. They must also complete an internship and residency in gynecology to prepare to specialize in this field. They work with female patients and specialize in treating reproductive issues or problems with a women's reproductive system that may cause harm to the mother or baby. Gynecologists deliver babies and may be called to perform surgery if necessary. It's common for gynecologists to work in an office, a medical clinic or a hospital environment, and the hours they work may vary. While those who work in an office may only work occasional evening or weekend hours, gynecologists who work in clinics may regularly work evenings and weekends, and those who work in hospitals may also work overnight shifts and holidays.

Job responsibilities of a gynecologist include:

  • Have appointments with patients
  • Determine what medical tests may be needed for a diagnosis
  • Educate patients about their condition and treatment options
  • Update patient records
  • Perform necessary medical procedures
  • Deliver babies


Urologists are medical doctors who have earned a medical degree, a license and completed internship and residency requirements in urology. They may work in a medical office, hospital, or clinic environment, where they may work primarily during weekdays. They diagnose and treat patients who have urinary issues. They also diagnose and treat men with medical issues related to their reproductive organs.

Job responsibilities of a urologist include:

  • Discuss medical concerns with their patients
  • Answer their patients' questions
  • Teach patients strategies to improve their health
  • Refer patients for medical tests
  • Consult with other medical professionals or specialists

Related Careers

It's possible that those thinking about working as gynecologists may also be interested in a career as a nurse midwife, since nurse midwifes specialize in treating women during their pregnancy and deliver babies. People thinking about a career as a urologist may also be interested in pursuing a career as a veterinarian and treating health issues in animals.

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