Entry-Level Career Options in Computer Science
There are several entry-level jobs existing in the field of computer science that range in job duties and education requirements. Find out about some of these computer science jobs, their median salaries and other details below.
|Job Title||Median Salary (2016)*||Job Growth (2016-2026)*|
|Computer Programmers||$79,840||-8% (Decline)|
|Computer Systems Analysts||$87,220||9%|
|Computer User Support Specialists||$49,390||11%|
Source: *U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS)
Career Information for Entry-Level Computer Science Jobs
Web developers do not need any previous work experience in a related occupation and typically do not need to complete any on-the-job training. They create websites and develop content, layout and the overall look of the website. These professionals also determine how much traffic the site can handle, write code for the site, add video or audio as needed and test new applications for a website. Education requirements vary from a high school diploma to a bachelor's degree, but the most common entry-level requirement is an associate's degree.
Computer programmers do not need work experience or on-the-job training to write code for various computer and software programs. These programmers create, update and expand programs using different computer languages, such as Java, and test these programs to ensure that they work as they should. Computer programmers may utilize code libraries to speed up the writing process and must correct any issues and malfunctions that they come across. They usually need a bachelor's degree, but may find positions that only require an associate's degree.
Database administrators are not required to have previous work experience in a related career to manage the data for organizations. They ensure that all data are secure and backed-up to prevent any misuse or loss of information, as well as make sure that databases work properly. These administrators also adjust database structure and merge old and new databases as needed. Typically these professionals need a bachelor's degree in computer science or a related field.
Computer Systems Analysts
Computer systems analysts can enter their career without previous work experience or on-the-job training. These analysts are responsible for figuring out how to make an organization's computer systems more efficient, which requires them to examine the organization's technology needs and weigh that with financial feasibility. They may look at ways to improve current systems and design new systems, both of which then need to be tested to make sure they are working correctly. Many computer systems analysts have a bachelor's degree.
Computer User Support Specialists
Computer user support specialists do not need prior work experience in a related occupation to help computer customers. These specialists provide technical assistance to customers by listening and diagnosing the problem and then walking the customer through possible solutions. They also repair devices and help train users how to properly use printers, email and other computer hardware or software. These professionals need computer knowledge and do not always need a postsecondary degree, but some may have an associate's or bachelor's degree.