Environmental Jobs in the Military

Jan 16, 2020

Several different environmental careers are needed in the branches of the military. We discuss the various environmental job options, their job duties and their education requirements.

Environmental Career Options in the Military

Branches of the military utilize a variety of environmental careers to promote positive environmental and human health in different ways. Learn about a handful of the environmental careers available in the military below.

Job Title Median Salary (2018)* Job Growth (2018-2028)*
Environmental Scientists and Specialists $71,130 (for all environmental scientists and specialists, including health) 8% (for all environmental scientists and specialists, including health)
Environmental Engineers $87,620 5%
Microbiologists $71,650 5%
Environmental Science and Protection Technicians $46,170 (for all environmental science and protection technicians, including health) 9% (for all environmental science and protection technicians, including health)
Geological and Petroleum Technicians $53,300 7%

Source: *U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics

Career Information for Environmental Jobs in the Military

Environmental Scientists and Specialists

Environmental scientists and specialists, especially those that focus on health, are used by the military to identify and handle a variety of environmental hazards. They collect data from samples of air, water, soil and other natural resources to test for contaminants that may be harmful to human health. After these samples have been analyzed, these scientists and specialists present their findings in reports that may be used to influence policies and decisions. They need to have at least a bachelor's degree in one of the natural sciences.

Environmental Engineers

The military may call upon environmental engineers to consult on environmental projects and structures or the cleanup of contaminated sites. They will ensure the compliance with environmental regulations and determine if various projects are feasible. Environmental engineers also help develop safety and environmental regulations to try and prevent incidents. These professionals need experience and at least a bachelor's degree in a related field.


Although a career as a microbiologist is typically considered a biology job, the military may use these scientists to study the bacteria, viruses, algae, parasites and other microorganisms found in a particular environment. Their research may be used to understand how members of the military may be affected if they were to come into contact with these microorganisms. Microbiologists identify the different organisms, perform lab services to diagnose illnesses and closely monitor the effects of these microorganisms on different environments. Depending on their job duties, a microbiologist can hold a bachelor's, master's or Ph.D.

Environmental Science and Protection Technicians

Environmental science and protection technicians, also called environmental health technicians in the military, are used by the armed forces to monitor bacteria and health hazards in the environment. They may collect samples of air, water and soil to test in the lab, as well as check establishments for environmental and/or health violations. These technicians present their findings in reports and apply the findings to improve human health. Environmental science and protection technicians need an associate's or bachelor's degree in a similar field.

Geological and Petroleum Technicians

The Army refers to geological and petroleum technicians as petroleum laboratory specialists, and use these technicians to test petroleum products. These technicians may also help maintain lab and field equipment for other scientists and engineers working with natural resources. Geological and petroleum technicians record and analyze data from tests, and they prepare reports of their findings. They need at least an associate's degree and on-the-job training, but some positions may require a bachelor's degree.

Next: View Schools

Popular Schools

The listings below may include sponsored content but are popular choices among our users.

Find your perfect school

What is your highest level of education?