How to Become a High School Science Teacher in Ohio

Discover how the secondary science teaching licensure process works in the state of Ohio, and read details about all possible requirements, from education to testing.

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As of 2017, Ohio has been experiencing a science teacher shortage. Learn below how you can pursue a secondary-level science teacher endorsement and become licensed to teach in this state.

Ohio Teacher Salary Information and Requirements

Average Salary for Teachers in Ohio (2016)* $59,610 (Secondary School)
Required Degree Bachelor's degree
Degree Field Science Education
Testing Requirements OAE exams

Source: *U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics

Step 1: Graduate with a Bachelor's Degree

Students interested in teaching science at the secondary level will need to complete a bachelor's degree and an approved, accredited teacher preparation program. Students will choose one or two content areas that interest them most - like physics, chemistry, or life sciences - and complete general education classes in addition to more specific science classes. All programs will vary somewhat, but most will include classes like:

  • Equity and Diversity in Education
  • Technology in STEM
  • Teaching Reading

All students will participate in student teaching internships before graduating, in order to prepare for teaching in a classroom setting.

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Step 2: Take All Required Tests

Anyone interested in teaching science at the secondary level will need to pass the appropriate Ohio Assessment for Educators (OAE) exams. The first exam is the Assessment of Professional Knowledge: Adolescence to Young Adult (7-12). This test is three hours long and requires a passing score of 220. Students will complete 100 multiple-choice questions, 1 case study written assignment, and 1 work product written assignment. The testing fee is $105.

A future science educator will also need to take subject exams that correlate with his or her preferred license. There are many different options for licensure, so future teachers should examine the updated list on Ohio's Department of Education website in order to determine which exams best fit their interests. License options include Integrated Science (which requires the Integrated Science OAE), Physical Sciences (which includes the Chemistry and Physics OAEs), and Life and Earth Sciences (which include the Biology and Earth and Space Science OAEs). The length of each OAE varies, but most require a 220 passing score and cost $105. The detailed list of all possible exams on the OAE website is helpful in determining which tests are most appropriate to take.

Step 3: Complete the Licensure Application

Once all testing is complete, teachers are ready to complete the application process. First, they must make sure that all grades and scores are finalized. Then, they may submit a pre-application through their university and receive a link to continue the application on the Online Licensure Department's website. Teachers will have to submit transcripts, be fingerprinted, and undergo a Bureau of Criminal Investigation (BCI) and Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI) background checks, but once all official documents have been turned in, they will pay the $160 fee and be awarded their Four-Year Resident Educator License.

Study Resources for Future Ohio Teachers

There are many steps in the application process to become a licensed science teacher in Ohio, but resources are available to help you prepare, especially for the OAE exams. Take a look at the study guides below to get a better idea of what to expect on the tests.

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