How to Become a Substitute Teacher in Connecticut

Jan 02, 2019

The state of Connecticut allows individuals without a degree in education as well as paraprofessionals to serve as a substitute teacher. Connecticut offers two routes to substitute teaching.

Connecticut allows individuals of varied educational backgrounds to serve as substitute teachers. Individuals with a bachelor's degree can work in schools without special authorization for short-term subbing assignments, while long-term assignments in the same position require authorization. Individuals without a bachelor's degree must receive special dispensation from the Connecticut Department of Education to work as a substitute teacher.

Connecticut Substitute Teacher Certification Requirements

Average Salary for Teachers in Connecticut (2016)* $73,470 (Kindergarten, except Special Education)
$76,740 (Elementary, except Special Education)
$77,250 (Middle, except Special/Technical Education)
$76,260 (Secondary, except Special/Technical Education)
Required Degree Generally, minimum of a high school diploma
Degree Field Various fields are accepted

Source: *U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS)

Substitute Teaching Candidates with a Bachelor's Degree

Individuals with a bachelor's degree are able to serve as a substitute teacher in Connecticut. The state has two different authorizations for substitute teachers.

Short-Term Substitute Teaching Assignments

Individuals who will be teaching for less than 40 days in a substitute position will not need any special authorization. In Connecticut, each public school district sets its own application requirements. Individuals will need to contact the board of education for their district of interest.

Paraprofessionals, trained staff who ensure learning services are received by students through collaborative work with teachers and other school personnel, are also eligible to work as substitute teachers in Connecticut. If they possess a Bachelor of Arts (BA) degree, then they can hold substitute teaching positions up to 39 days.

Long-Term Substitute Teaching Assignments

Connecticut mandates that individuals in a substitute teaching assignment lasting more than 40 days (even if they are not consecutive) must hold valid authorization if they are not certified in the applicable subject or grade level. In addition to a bachelor's degree, individuals must also have a minimum of 12 semester hours in the area they will be teaching. The employing public school district must petition the Connecticut Department of Education for a substitute teaching authorization. Districts must complete and submit Form ED 175 to the department.

Paraprofessionals interested to work in the same position as a substitute teacher for more than 39 days undergo the same process and need to receive an approval from the Department of Education through their districts.

Alternatively, candidates that already possess a valid certificate, including eligibility certificates, teaching licenses, or standard/permanent certificates, will not need additional authorization.

Substitute Teaching Candidates Without a Bachelor's Degree

The state of Connecticut also allows individuals without a bachelor's degree to serve as a substitute teacher; however, it must be noted that this process is for special cases. The process requires that the superintendent of a public school district must petition the Connecticut Department of Education for a waiver. The district will need to complete and submit Form ED 174 to the department. Non-bachelor's degree candidates must meet all of the following requirements:

  • At least 18 years old
  • Possess a high school diploma
  • Relevant work experience with children

Once a waiver is received, candidates are eligible to teach in various assignments for that school year. It should be noted that candidates cannot teach more than 40 days (even if they are not consecutive) in one substitute teaching assignment.

Criminal Background Check

All substitute teaching candidates in Connecticut must be fingerprinted for criminal background checks through the Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI) and the state of Connecticut. Information on convicted crimes found through this procedure is forwarded to the Bureau Educator Standards and Certification by the school district.

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