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How to Become a Substitute Teacher in Ohio

Ohio, like many other states, requires that substitute teachers obtain a license. Below is information on the education, application, and background requirements for becoming a substitute teacher in Ohio.

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The Ohio Department of Education issues two separate licenses that allow individuals to serve as substitute teachers. The two substitute licenses available in the state are one-year and five-year licenses. These are considered short-term and long-term licenses.

Ohio Substitute Teacher License Requirements

Average Salary for Substitute Teachers in Ohio (2017)* $29,620
Required Degree Bachelor's Degree
Degree Field Any
Testing Requirements Not Applicable

Source: *U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics

Step 1: Meet Education and Skills Requirements

There are two substitute teaching licenses available in the state of Ohio. A one-year, short-term license and a five-year, long-term license.

Short-Term Substitute Teacher License

A one-year substitute teacher license, considered a short-term license, can be obtained by anyone with a bachelor's degree. This license allows an individual to teach in a classroom for at most 60 school days during the school year. To teach for longer periods, an instructor would need to obtain a five-year, long-term license.

The one exception is for substitute intervention specialists. These professionals are also required to have 12 semester hours in special education. They can only receive one-year licenses, and when they are up for renewal applicants are required to have completed an additional six semester hours that can lead to intervention specialist licensure.

Long-Term Substitute Teacher License

A five-year, long-term license can be issued to someone who has a bachelor's degree and has completed the appropriate coursework depending on the level he or she would like to teach. Early childhood (preschool to 3rd grade) substitutes need to have completed 12 semester hours in early childhood education. Middle childhood (4th through 9th grade), adolescence to young adult (7th through 12th grade), and multi-age (preschool to 12th grade) need 20 hours of coursework in each subject area they would like to teach.

There are also licenses in integrated content areas, such as science, in which the applicant must have completed an even amount of coursework in each content area.

Two substitute licenses require an employer to verify that an applicant has the necessary skills to serve in the field: pupil services interpreter for hearing impaired and career-tech workforce development.

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Step 2: Access the SAFE and CORE Online Portals

The Ohio Department of Education requests that individuals interested in obtaining a substitute teaching license apply only after they have been hired by an the educational facility. Applicants should then access Ohio's online Security Application For Enterprise (SAFE) portal to create their account. From there, applicants will be taken to the Connected Ohio Records for Educators (CORE) homepage where they can begin their application.

Step 3: Begin the Application

Once applicants login to CORE, they'll see a ''My Credential'' area, where they can find this link: ''Apply for NEW Credential.'' After clicking it, applicants must choose ''I want to become an Ohio…'' and choose the ''Substitute'' option. Applicants should then follow all instructions on the application and provide any requested documentation.

Applicants will also have to choose their district or school so it can sign off on their application. The school or district should be notified before doing this, so that an application does not get declined.

Step 4: Pay Fees

Before an application can be fully submitted, educators must pay the fee required by the Ohio Department of Education. The one-year substitute license costs $25, while the five-year substitute license costs $125. This fee can be paid via e-check, debit, or credit card.

Step 5: Complete Background Checks

The state of Ohio requires that all applicants for a substitute teacher's license go through the Ohio Bureau of Criminal Investigation (BCI) and Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI) background checks. Any background checks submitted for licensure cannot be more than one year old. It is up to applicants to make sure they go through the background checks and keep them updated.

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