HR Analyst Vs HR Specialist

While human resources analysts and specialists work in the same department and are involved in the hiring of new employees, there are differences in their day-to-day responsibilities. Learn more about how these career options differ as well as information on salary, education and growth.

Comparing HR Analysts to HR Specialists

Human resources departments include both analysts and specialists. Human resources specialists typically recruit employees for specific jobs, while human resources analysts collect and analyze data for the hiring of employees, decisions about compensation, and development of benefit programs. Below you can learn about these positions, which serve as a link between employees and managers of an organization.

Job Title Education Requirements Median Salary Job Growth (2014-2024)*
Human Resources Analyst Bachelor's Degree $55,839 (2017)** 4% (for all compensation, benefits and job analysis specialists)
Human Resources Specialist Bachelor's Degree $59,180 (2016)* 5%

Source: *U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics, **

Responsibilities of HR Analysts vs. HR Specialists

Human resources analysts and specialists work in the same department and deal with the same type of work including assisting employees with compensation and benefits. However, they differ because analysts gather information and use it to help specialists make decisions on hiring and other human resources tasks. Analysts do research on compensation and benefit plans, while specialists are in charge of explaining the chosen plan to employees. Analysts use data to create job descriptions in a business, while specialists fill the positions.

Human Resources Analyst

Human resources analysts are responsible for analyzing data in the human resources department. They work as part of a team and recommend suggestions on employee changes, productivity and compensation. They analyze salary and benefit plans to ensure employees are working at their best while also keeping costs under control. They typically work in an office setting and use computer programs to collect, analyze and apply their data findings.

Job responsibilities of a Human Resources Analyst include:

  • Researching and completing studies and reports
  • Keeping track of business developments
  • Presenting research
  • Reviewing human resources policies

Human Resources Specialist

Human resources specialists focus on finding, interviewing, and hiring employees. They are responsible for handling benefits and compensation questions that employees may have. They review information regarding potential candidates and decide if they will be a good fit for the company. They pay close attention and listen to ensure they are hiring the best applicant for the job, and also use strong communication skills to provide information to candidates about the company.

Job responsibilities of a Human Resources Specialist include:

  • Contacting references for applicants
  • Learning about applicants' experience and skills
  • Informing new employees about job information
  • Processing records and paperwork related to hiring
  • Assisting with or executing new employee orientation

Related Careers

Training and development specialists are similar to human resources analysts as they work to ensure employees perform to their potential. An alternative career option for those interested in becoming a human resources specialist is a labor relations specialist, which is a position that deals with wages, healthcare, and union contracts.

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