Infantry Positions in the Army

There are many job categories and roles in the Army; those that use guns and other artillery and those that do not. The proportion that gets to use arms in combat is called the infantry and has four different positions. This article describes the four Infantry positions.

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Persons who wish to join the infantry do so through the 11X program, which conducts training for personnel from basic to the first command. The trainees then advance to 11B and 11C, or enter the Army as an officer (11A) based on their skills, abilities and will. Read on to learn more about these positions.

Career Comparison

Job Title Basic Pay Rate - Monthly (2017)* Applicable Military Skills/Traits
Infantryman 11X $1,600 (E-1) Interest in ground tactics, courage to face imminent danger, discipline, interest in using light weapons
Infantryman 11B $1,600 (E-1) Physical and mental fitness, team player, courage to face imminent danger
Indirect Fire Infantryman 11C $1,600 (E-1) Interest in dealing with ammunition, courage to face imminent danger, physical and mental fitness
Infantry Officer 11A $3,035 (O-1) Self-disciplined, multi-tasking, decisiveness, physical and mental fitness

Source: *Federal Pay

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Career Description

Job titles in the United States Army have specific roles and duties, and persons admitted to each must meet the requirements to serve in the specified position. The specifics of each infantry position are listed below:

Infantryman 11X

The 11X Infantryman is the starting point for any persons who wish to join the Airborne School, Sniper School, Special Forces and the Pathfinder School. This makes it the foundation and pillar combat force of the Army. The duty of enlisted members of the infantryman is to protect the country against any threats on land and to resist, seize, and destroy the enemy's ground forces in combat. Each applicant to the 11X Infantryman squad has to go through the Armed Services Vocational Aptitude Battery to assess their strength and suitability for this role.

Useful skills for this team include discipline, courage to face challenges and imminent danger, interest in ground tactics and the use of light weapons, and the ability to retain composure in stressful conditions.

Infantryman 11B

An Infantryman 11B is a member of the team of riflemen who lead combat operations providing technical and tactical guidance to subordinates, and professional support to superiors and subordinates to help them accomplish their duties. The 11B infantryman unit is the chief combat force of the Army and entirely carries the duty of defending the country from any threat on land by warding off, seizing and destroying the enemy's ground forces.

The infantryman's specific duties include helping to mobilize the Army's weaponry, vehicles and troops, as well as being part of the fire team during combat and fire drills. The 11B also processes captured documents and prisoners of war but most importantly, the squad is responsible for storage, maintenance and use of combat weapons like machine guns, anti-tank mines and rifles.

Those who wish to enroll with the 11B Infantryman must complete the Armed Services Vocational Aptitude Battery to assess their suitability. Useful skills for this role include motivation to face a challenge, team player, physical and mental fitness and the ability to perform well under pressure.

Indirect Fire Infantryman 11C

The indirect fire infantryman is part of the mortar platoon, the squad that uses the weapons with the most power and range among the Infantry units.

Specific job duties for this squad include setting up, loading and firing mortars of different sizes, locating and neutralizing mines, and operating and storing automatic weapons. The squad also recruits personnel and weapons to be used for defensive and offensive ground combat. It also operates and recovers antitank and antipersonnel mines, and conduct surveillance missions to identify enemy troops and their gun locations. This squad is also in charge of signal and radio equipment to relay orders during combat.

An applicant's suitability to this position is assessed when they take the Armed Services Vocational Aptitude Battery to determine their strengths and which role is suitable for them. Some of the skills needed are an interest in dealing with weapons and ammunition, mental and physical wellness, eagerness to face danger and overcome challenges, and the ability to work with others in a team.

Infantry Officer 11A

The infantry officer leads the infantry and other armed forces teams during combat on land. Those who wish to serve in this rank must first go through the Armed Services Vocational Aptitude Battery, which is a sequence of tests meant to gauge a person's will and to determine the infantry job he is best suited.

Infantry officers get responsibilities according to their ranks. Officers may command and control the infantry or combined armed forces in company-sized units made up of 200-300 soldiers. The officer also directs the recruitment and promotion of infantry soldiers at all command levels, comes up with policies and doctrines regarding weaponry and organizes equipment needed during Infantry missions. Other duties include serving as instructors in combat training centers and service schools and as advisers to the infantry and to other Army branches like the Army Reserves and the National Guard.

Infantry officers go through Basic Officer Leadership Course I, II, and III that emphasize technical competence, leadership and combat tactics. They should be confident, decisive, self-disciplined, physically and mentally fit, able to multi-task and intelligent.

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