Career Options for Jobs that Involve Science and Math
Science has to do with the tested and proven laws concerning the universe and how physical items function and interact. Applying scientific principles and knowledge often involves mathematical skills. For example, testing substances can involve measuring items, assessing the results, recording outcomes and then using math calculations to determine the frequency of different outcomes. While not all math-based careers involve science, many careers in the sciences require the use of math.
|Job Title||Median Salary (2016)*||Job Outlook (2016-2026)*|
|Postsecondary Computer Science Teachers||$77,570||8%|
|Forensic Science Technicians||$56,750||17%|
|Hazardous Materials Removal Workers||$40,640||17%|
Source: *U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics
Career Information for Jobs that Involve Science and Math
Postsecondary Computer Science Teachers
Postsecondary computer science teachers instruct students in colleges and universities. A doctoral degree in computer science is usually required to pursue this career, although some smaller colleges may consider applicants with a master's degree. Postsecondary computer science teachers are experts in computer science and need a high level of knowledge concerning computing technology, such as computer design. They also need mathematical skills to perform calculations and analysis. Their duties can involve teaching classes, grading student work and conducting research in computer science.
Pharmacists are healthcare professionals who are responsible for ensuring that patients receive the proper medications. They may also provide general health information to their customers. A Doctor of Pharmacy degree is required to become a pharmacist, and all pharmacists are required to have a license. They need a high level of scientific knowledge to understand how different medications may interact. They also use mathematical skills to count and weigh medications and ingredients and also complete insurance forms.
Forensic Science Technicians
Forensic science technicians can be involved with processing and retrieving evidence from crime scenes as well as testing and analysis. These technicians use math skills in a variety of ways, such as measuring distances when viewing a crime scene and measuring ingredients used to perform tests. They use scientific skills in laboratories when they analyze evidence that's found at crime scenes. A bachelor's degree in forensic science or a natural science, such as chemistry, is required to pursue a career in this field.
Chemical engineers use scientific skills to determine potential combinations of ingredients that can be used improve products, as well as when establishing safety guidelines for handling some substances. They use mathematical skills to develop production budgets for their creations. These engineers may be involved with producing new products, such as medications or fuels, or they may refine the production process of existing products by creating new equipment or revising methods. They are required to have a bachelor's degree and typically study chemical engineering to prepare for their career.
Hazardous Materials Removal Workers
With a high school diploma, on-the-job training and Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA) mandated instruction, it's possible to pursue a career as a hazardous materials removal worker. Hazardous materials removal workers are responsible for identifying hazardous materials, ensuring that they're removed safely and disposing of these substances according to applicable laws and regulations. These professionals use mathematical skills to complete calculations as part of their duties. Scientific knowledge is necessary for this field, because they must be capable of performing tests to identify hazardous materials. They also need to understand how harmful materials may interact with other substances so that they are handled safely.
Medical scientists apply their knowledge to research and may strive to determine the cause of a disease or develop ways to treat specific illnesses. They are required to have a doctoral degree in a life science field, such as biology, or a medical degree. Science is the foundation of their work, because they regularly perform scientific tests and experiments related to human health issues and treatments. They need mathematical skills to effectively analyze data and form conclusions about how effective a potential medication is or how much can be safely prescribed.